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    WELCOME

    SEMINAR ON

    COLD SUPPLY CHAIN

    1

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    OVERVIEW OF COLD CHAIN

    STATUS OF COLD CHAIN ININDIA

    MARKET POTENTIAL

    GROWTH DRIVERS

    KEY CHALLENGES

    GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES

    RECENT TRENDS

    CONCLUSION

    FLOW OF PRESENTATION

    2

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    Basically a supply chain provides series of facilities likecontrolled temperature & RH.

    Cold Chain retains the longevity of

    Product characteristics

    Active ingredients Nutritive value

    Freshness

    COLD SUPPLY CHAIN

    Cold supply chain may be defined as a logistic

    system that provides a series of facilities formaintaining ideal storage conditions forperishables from the point of production to thepoint of consumption (end user).

    3

    supply chain

    Cold supply chain

    3

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    1. Appearance

    2. Taste and Flavour

    3. Freshness

    4. Ripening stage

    5. Price

    6. Nutrition Value

    7. Shelf Life 4

    WHY COLD CHAIN..???

    Buying Behaviour

    4

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    THE MIRACLE OF COLD CHAIN The apples that are available in todays supermarkets in India

    could be as old as six months- six year and could have beengrown in apple orchards in New Zealand and stored in aControlled Atmosphere.

    They would look and taste as if they were plucked from theapple orchard yesterday.

    5Source:http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010

    http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010http://www.slideshare.net/cmaheshwar/cold-chain-summit-17-18-december-2010
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    PRODUCTS

    6

    Fruits &vegetables

    Milk & milkproducts

    Ice cream &confectionery

    Flowers

    Meat & fisheryproducts

    Ready-to-eat / cook

    Pharmaceuticals

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    Procurement and delivery systems

    Pre-cooling facilities

    Refrigerated vehicles

    Cold stores / C A stores

    Grading, sorting and packaging

    Warehouses

    Information systems7 7

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    COLD CHAIN: FLOW CHART (MEAT)

    8Sheep / Goat farm

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    TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENTS

    Dry ice: Pharmaceuticals

    Gel packs: Chilled products (2- 8oc)

    Eutectic plates.

    Liquid nitrogen

    Quilts.

    9

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    TEMPERATURE STANDARDS FOR THE PRODUCTS

    EFFECT OF STORAGE ON EATING QUALITY

    Source:FICCI report

    10

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    SHELF LIFE OF SOME FRUITS &

    VEGETABLES (IN DAYS)

    Source: Avalon Consulting Research

    Mostsensitive

    Moderatelysensitive

    Leastsensitive

    Potato Apple BeetTomato Orange Carrot

    Cucumber Carrot TurnipBanana Peas DateBeans Cauliflower Cabbage

    CommodityLowest temp.

    (oC)

    Banana 12.8Beans 12.8

    Cucumber 7.2

    Mangoes 7

    Potato 3.3

    F&V SENSITIVITY TO CHILLING

    CHILLING INJURY

    Source: crosstree.info/Documents11

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    FACTS ABOUT INDIA :HUGE POTENTIAL Largest producer of milk with 121.5 million tonnes. (www.financialexpress.com)

    Second largest producer of fruits with 75.7 million tonnes. (NHB)

    Second largest producer of vegetables with 141.3 million tonnes. (NHB)

    Produces 6.5 million tonnes of meat and poultry. (www.mofpi.nic.in)

    Fish production of 6.1 million tonnes. (www.fishnewseu.com/)

    Huge fresh Product production but Only 2% share in world trade.

    Out of total fruit and vegetable produce, nearly 30 per cent getswasted.(http://www.fhel.co.in)

    Fifth largest retail market. 12

    http://www.fishnewseu.com/http://www.fhel.co.in/http://www.fhel.co.in/http://www.fishnewseu.com/
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    STATUS OF COLD SUPPLY CHAIN Estimated market turnover Rs. 13,000 crore, in 2011 & expected to touch Rs

    62,000 crore by 2015 with the growth rate of 22-25 per cent.

    India has cold storage capacity of 21.7 million tonnes,( 5,101 units) against therequirement of out of 31 million tonnes.

    Cold storage facility is there only for 10% of the fresh produce.

    The value of reefer transportation business in India is estimated at about Rs.1100 crores ($ 250 million).

    About 104 million tonnes of perishable transportation in a country, out of whicharound 4 million tones through reefer transport.

    About 55000 reefer vehicles are involved in perishable products transportationof which dairy constitute about 80%, only 11000 reefer vehicles for all other

    categories. 13Source: indiacoldchainexpo.com

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    Diversified food basket

    Huge Opportunity to supply fresh produce worldwide (fruits/ vegetables /organic food)

    Set up of a Food Security bill.

    Cold chain investment $2billion expected growth is $9.09 billion by 2015

    Revenue by export

    According to industry analysts, integrated cold chains would help India in savingRs. 750 bn (75000 crore) annually by avoiding wastage of perishable horticulture

    produce (30%), besides garnering additional export revenue of Rs. 250 bn.

    The post harvest losses of fruits and vegetables alone in India is more than thetotal production of fresh fruits and vegetables in Great Britain.

    IMPORTANCE OF COLD CHAIN IN INDIA

    14Source:www.coldchainexpo.com

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    PERCENT WASTAGE OF FRUIT & VEGETABLES

    15Source:http://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.php

    Products within stateoutside state within district local market Total

    Onion 2 1 2 6 11

    Potato 2 2 3 4 11

    Okra 2 2 1 8 13Banana 3 4 4 9 20

    Tomato 2 2 2 14 20

    verage 3 2 1 8 14

    http://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.phphttp://www.facts-about-india.com/transportation-in-India.php
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    COLD CHAIN: MARKET SIZE & POTENTIAL

    The Indian Cold Chain

    Industry is 88 % is storageand rest of12 % istransportation.

    Total market size of $ 2.6billion (Rs 13,000 crore)

    Cold chain has potential

    to grow to $ 12.4 billion(Rs 62,000 crore) by2015

    will grow at 22-25%

    annually

    0.0

    2.0

    4.0

    6.0

    8.0

    10.0

    12.0

    2007-08 2010-11 2014-15

    2.3

    4.4

    10.7

    0.30.6

    1.7

    Market Size Estimates of cold chain in $billion

    Cold Storage Cold Transportation

    Source:www.marketreports.com/ 16

    COLD CHAIN

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    17

    Segment

    Uses refrigeratedtrucks, vans,rails, cargo,

    containers.

    Consist ofrefrigeratedwarehouses, CA, Cold

    storages

    Surface storage Refrigerated Transport

    TransportationStorage quality

    Transportation fromfield to consumer

    To assure technical&quality parameters to

    ensure shelf life

    Key

    activities

    COLD CHAIN

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    COLD STORAGES: CAPACITY

    18

    Total installed capacity of 21.7 million tonnes and additional capacity of 114million tonnes is required by 2015

    Larger capacity per installed units are required (at production as well asconsumption centers)

    Availability (2011): 5101 Requirement (2015): 24323

    5101

    9963

    24323

    22

    47

    136

    0

    2040

    60

    80

    100

    120

    140160

    0

    5000

    10000

    15000

    20000

    25000

    30000

    2007-08 2010-11 2014-15

    Capacity & Requirement

    No. of units Capacity in Million MT

    Source: http://www.snowman.in/

    http://www.snowman.in/http://www.snowman.in/http://www.snowman.in/http://www.snowman.in/http://www.snowman.in/http://www.snowman.in/
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    COLD STORAGES IN INDIA

    Uttar P