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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL........................................................................................ i

SURAT PERNYATAN PLAGIATISME........................................................ ii

HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN ....................................................................... iii

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN.......................................................................... iv

ASBTRAK ....................................................................................................... v

ABSTRACT..................................................................................................... vi

MOTTO ........................................................................................................... vii

PERSEMBAHAN............................................................................................ viii

KATA PENGANTAR ..................................................................................... ix

DAFTAR ISI.................................................................................................... xi

DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................................... xiv

DAFTAR SKEMA........................................................................................... xv

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.................................................................................... xvi

BAB I PENDAHULUAN........................................................................... 1

A. Latar Belakang.......................................................................... 1

B. Rumusan Masalah .................................................................... 3

C. Tujuan Penelitian...................................................................... 4

D. Manfaat Penelitian.................................................................... 4

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA.................................................................. 6

`A. Tinjauan Teori ........................................................................... 6

1. Hospitalisasi ...................................................................... 6

a. Definisi ....................................................................... 6

b. Reaksi anak usia 3-6 tahun terhadap penyakit ........... 6

c. Reaksi anakusia 3-6 tahunterhadaphospitalisasi ........ 6

d. Dampakhospitalisasi................................................... 7

2. Kecemasan......................................................................... 8

a. Definisi ....................................................................... 8

b. Dampak kecemasan terhadap kecemasan .................. 8

c. Tingkat ansietas.......................................................... 9

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d. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kecemasan .......... 11

e. Gejala klinis................................................................ 12

f. Kecemasan pada anak ................................................ 13

g. Penyebab kecemasan pada anak................................. 14

h. Faktor yang mempengaruhi kecemasan anak selama

hospitalisasi ................................................................ 15

i. Manifestasikliniskecemasanpada anak usia 3-6 tahun

j. Alat ukur kecemasan pada anak ................................. 16

k. Penatalaksanaan kecemasan ....................................... 19

l. Penatalaksanaan non farmako terkait kemcemasan

pada anak selama hospitalisasi ................................... 21

3. Bermain ............................................................................. 22

a. Definisi ....................................................................... 22

b. Klasifikasi bermain .................................................... 23

c. Jenis jenis permainan .............................................. 25

d. Tujuan bermain anak usia 3-6 tahun .......................... 26

e. Fungsi bermain dirumah sakit .................................... 27

f. Prinsip permainan pada anak dirumah sakit............... 27

g. Hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam aktivitas

bermain....................................................................... 28

4. Plastisin ............................................................................. 28

a. Konsep dasar plastisin................................................ 28

b. Manfaat plastisin ........................................................ 30

c. Kelebihan plastisin ..................................................... 31

5. Hubungan antara bermain menggunakan media plastisin

dengan kecemasan ............................................................. 31

B. Kerangka Teori ................................................................... 34

C. Hipotesa.............................................................................. 35

BAB III METODE PENELITIAN ................................................................ 36

A. Kerangka konsep ...................................................................... 36

B. Variabel penelitian.................................................................... 36

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C. Desain penelitian ...................................................................... 36

D. Populasi dan sampel penelitian ................................................ 37

E. Tempat dan waktu penelitian.................................................... 39

F. Definisi operasional.................................................................. 39

G. Instrument dan alat pengumpul data......................................... 39

H. Alur kerja penelitian ................................................................. 42

I. Metode pengumpulan data ....................................................... 42

J. Analisa data .............................................................................. 45

K. Etika penelitian......................................................................... 47

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN .................................................................... 48

A. Pengantar bab ........................................................................... 48

B. Analisa univariat....................................................................... 48

C. Analisa bivariat......................................................................... 51

BAB V PEMBAHASAN.............................................................................. 53

A. Pengantar bab ........................................................................... 53

B. Interpretasi dan Hasil................................................................ 53

C. Keterbatasan penelitian ............................................................ 59

D. Implikasi keperawatan.............................................................. 60

BAB V SIMPULAN SARAN ...................................................................... 61

A. Simpulan................................................................................... 61

B. Saran ......................................................................................... 61

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

LAMPIRAN