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  • PNI Neuron (M) Sdn. Bhd. 1

    SAINS TINGKATAN 1

    BAB 1: PeNGeNAlAN KePAdA SAINSB2D1E1 ms2

    1. (a) 3 (c) 3 (e) 3 2. (a) Ribut taufan / Storm (b) Pembentukan kilat / Lightning (c) Peleburan ais / Melting ice (d) Pertumbuhan /Growth (e) Tanah runtuh / Landslide (f) Pembentukan pelangi / Formation of rainbow (g) Tarikan graviti / Gravity attraction (h) Bunga berkembang / Flower blossoms

    B4D4E1 ms3Radas / Apparatus: Silinder penyukat / Measuring cylinderBahan / Materials: 5 biji guli / 5 marbles, Air / WaterCara kerja / Steps: 1. 20 ml air dituangkan ke dalam silinder penyukat. / 20 ml

    of water was poured into a measuring cylinder. 2. 5 biji guli dimasukkan ke dalam silinder penyukat dengan

    cermat. / 5 marbles were put slowly into the measuring cylinder. 3. Bacaan isi padu akhir air pada silinder penyukat diambil. /

    The reading of the final volume of water in the measuring cylinder was taken.

    4. Isi padu 5 biji guli tersebut dikira, seterusnya isi padu sebiji guli ditentukan. / The volume of 5 marbles is calculated, then the volume of one marble is determined.

    Pemerhatian/Observation:

    Isi padu awal air / Initial volume of water

    Isi padu akhir air / Final volume of water

    20 ml 70 ml

    (a) 50 ml(b) 10 mlKesimpulan / Conclusion:sesaran air / water displacement method

    B1D1E1 ms 4 1. (a) Angkasawan / Astronomer (b) Doktor gigi / Dentist (c) Jurutera / Engineer (d) Pengaturcara computer / Computer programmer (e) Saintis / Scientist (f) Guru sains / Science teacher (g) Ahli geologi / Geologist (h) Doktor / Doctor 2. (a) Ahli meteorologi / Meteorologist (b) Arkitek / Architect (c) Pegawai farmasi / Pharmacist

    B3D1E1 ms5 1.

    T S Q P R U W V

    2. (i) Membuat hipotesis / Forming hypothesis (ii) Mengumpul data / Collecting data (iii) Membuat kesimpulan / Making conclusion

    B4D2E1 ms6Pembolehubah / Variable:(a) Dimanipulasikan / Manipulated: Panjang bandul / The

    length of the pendulum

    (b) Bergerak balas / Responding; Masa yang diambil bagi 10 ayunan/ Times taken for 10 oscillations.

    (c) Dimalarkan / Fixed: Berat bandul/ the weight of the pendulum

    Cara kerja / Steps: 1. Susunan radas disediakan. Panjang benang diselaraskan

    menjadi 10 cm. / The apparatus was set up. The length of the string was adjusted to 10 cm.

    2. Bandul ladung ditarik ke suatu sudut tertentu dan dilepaskan. Bandul dibiarkan berhayun seketika. / The pendulum bob was pull to a certain angle, then it was released and swing for a while.

    3. Jam randik dimulakan untuk menyukat 10 ayunan lengkap. / The stopwatch was started to measure the time taken by the pendulum to make 10 complete oscillations.

    4. Eksperimen diulang dengan menggunakan bandul yang panjangnya 20 cm, 30 cm 40 cm dan 50 cm. / The experiment was repeated by using a simple pendulum to a different length 20 cm, 30 cm 40 cm and 50 cm.

    5. Graf yang menunjukkan masa bagi 10 ayunan lengkap melawan masa dilukis pada ruang yang disediakan. / A graph showing the time taken versus length of pendulum for 10 complete oscillations was drawn.

    Panjang bandul (cm) Length of pendulum (cm)

    Masa yang diambil bagi 10 ayunan Time taken for 10 oscillations (s)

    10 920 1030 1140 1250 13

    1. Masa yang diambil bagi 10 ayunan dipengaruhi oleh panjang bandul./ The time taken for 10 oscillations is affected by the length of pendulum.

    2. Semakin panjang bandul, semakin panjang masa yang diambil bagi 10 ayunan. / The longer the length of the pendulum, the longer the time taken for 10 oscillations.

    3.

    Panjang bandul (cm)The length of pendulum (cm)

    10

    4

    8

    12

    16

    20

    20 30 40 50

    Masa yang diambil bagi 10 ayunan (s)Time taken for 10 oscillation (s)

    4. 15 saat / secondsKesimpulan / Conclusion:panjang, panjang / longer, longer

    B3D2E1, B3D2E2 & B3D2E3 ms8

    Kuantiti fizik Physical quantity

    Simbol kuantiti Quantity symbol

    Unit SISI unit

    Simbol unit Symbol of unit

    (a) Masa / Time t saat /seconds s

    (b) Suhu / temperature T Kelvin K

  • PNI Neuron (M) Sdn. Bhd. 2

    SAINS TINGKATAN 1

    Kuantiti fizik Physical quantity

    Simbol kuantiti Quantity symbol

    Unit SISI unit

    Simbol unit Symbol of unit

    (c) Panjang / Length m meter /metre m

    (d) Isi padu / Volume V liter / litre (e) Arus elektrik / Electric current I Ampere A

    Penukaran kuantiti fizik Conversion of physical quantity

    ImbuhanPrefix

    SimbolSymbol

    Nilai imbuhan Prefix value

    (i) 320 m = 0.32 km kilo k 1000(ii) 0.006 m = 6 mm mili /milli m 0.001(iii) 0.05 m = 5 cm senti / centi c 0.01(iv) 0.000 852 m =

    0.852 mm mili / milli m 0.001

    Penukaran kuantiti fizik Conversion of physical quantity

    Imbuhan Prefix

    Simbol Symbol

    Nilai imbuhan Prefix value

    (i) 0.009 g = 9 mg mili / milli m 0.001(ii) 600 g= 6 kg kilo k 1000(iii) 0.000 250 g = 25 0000

    nano n 0.000 000 001

    (iv) 2 350 000 g = 2.35 Mg

    mega M 1000 000

    (v) 0.000 033 g = 33 mg

    mikro / micro

    m 0.000 001

    B3D3E1 ms9 1. (a) Benang dan pembaris / Thread and ruler (b) Angkup vernier dalam dan pembaris / Internal calipers

    and ruler (c) Pita pengukur / Measuring tape (d) Pembaris / Ruler 2. (a) Pembaris / Ruler (b) Angkup vernier luar / External calipers (c) Pita pengukur / Measuring tape

    B4D3E1 ms10 1. (a) 16 cm2 (b) 36 cm2 (c) 4.5 cm2

    B4D3E2 ms10 1. (a) 8 cm2 (b) 12 cm2 2. (a) 7 cm2 (b) 28 cm2

    B3D3E2 ms11 1. (b) 3 (c) 3 (d) 3 (f) 3 2. (a) (b) (c)

    3.

    Isi padu / Volume Alat pengukuran / Measuring apparatus

    25 ml Pipet / Pipette

    10 ml Silinder penyukat / Measuring cylinder

    0.1 ml Buret / Burette

    B3D3E3 & B3D3E4 ms12 1.

    2. (a)

    30

    20

    3

    (b) 28C 3. (a) Termometer klinik / Clinical thermometer (b) Bebuli / Bulb

    (c) Untuk mengelakkan merkuri mengalir balik ke dalam bebola terlalu cepat. / To prevent the mercury from returning into the bulb too quickly.

    B4D1E1 ms 13 1. (a) Bidang / Field : Perhubungan / Communication

    Kepentingan / Importance : Menghantar dan menerima maklumat dengan lebih cepat dan mudah. / Sends and receives information faster and easier.

    (b) Bidang / Field : Perubatan / Medicine Kepentingan / Importance : Menemui ubat baru untuk

    merawat penyakit. / Discovers new medicines for treating diseases.

    (c) Bidang / Field : Pertanian / Agriculture Kepentingan / Importance : Meningkatkan hasil

    tanaman / Improves agriculture production (d) Bidang / Field : Pengangkutan / Transportation Kepentingan / Importance: Menyebabkan manusia

    berjalan dengan pantas, mudah dan dengan lebih selesa. / Enables man to travel faster, easier and with comfortable.

    2. (a) Penggunaan pengetahuan sains meneyebabkan hidup lebih senang dan selesa. / Application of scientific knowledge makes our lives easier and comfortable.

    (b) Menyelesaikan masalah secara saintifik. / Use scientific method to solve problems.

    (c) Membolehkan kita memahami dan menghargai persekitaran alam. / Helps us to understand and appreciate our environment.

    B3D3E5 ms 14 1. (a) Jirim / Mass: 0.3 kg Berat / Weight: 3N

    (b) Jirim / Mass: 0.6 kg Berat / Weight: 6 N(c) Jirim / Mass: 0.3354 kg Berat / Weight: 3.354 N

    B4D5E1 ms14Cara Kerja/ Steps: 1. Semua bahan ditimbang jisimnya dengan neraca tuas dan

    Menyukat suhu cecairMeasures temperature of liquid

    Menyukat suhu badan /Measures body temperature

    10 0 10 3020 40 50 60 8070 90 100 110

    Termometer klinik / Clinical thermometer

    Termometer makmal /Laboratory thermometer

  • PNI Neuron (M) Sdn. Bhd. 3

    SAINS TINGKATAN 1

    nilai-nilai bacaan dicatatkan di dalam jadual di bawah. / Mass of all the materials was measured using the lever balance and the values are recorded in the table below.

    2. Langkah di atas diulangi dengan menggunakan neraca spring untuk menimbang berat./ The above step was repeated using the spring balance to measure weight.

    Keputusan / Results:

    Objek / Object Jisim / Mass Berat / Weight

    Buku teks / Text book

    Kotak pensel / Pencil box

    Batu / Stone* Berdasarkan jawapan pelajar yang munasabah. / Based on the students relevant answer.

    Kesimpulan / Conclusion: 1. Jisim dan mass sesuatu objek aadalah berbeza. / The

    mass and weight of an object is different.

    BAB 2: Sel SeBAGAI UNIT KehIdUPANB1D2E1 ms15

    1.

    2. Sel / Cell 3.

    4. Sel adalah unit asas kehidupan. / Cell is a basic unit of life.

    B4D6E1 ms16 1. (a)

    L N M J K O

    (b) Mikroskop / Microscope(c) Untuk mengelakkan gelembung udara daripada

    terperangkap di bawah penutup. / To prevent air bubbles from being trapped under the cover slip.

    (d) Untuk mewarnakan sel pipi supaya struktur sel boleh dilihat dengan jelas. / To stain the cheek cells so that the cell structures can be seen clearly.

    (e) Iodin/ Indine 2. Tujuan/ Aim: Mengkaji struktur sel haiwan dengan

    menggunakan sel bawang. / To study the structure of plant cell using an onion cell.

    Cara Kerja/ Steps:(a) Setitis air suling dititiskan ke atas slaid kaca. / A drop

    of distilled water was added on the slide.(b) Lapisan epidermis bawang dikupil dengan forsep. /

    A piece of epidermal onion leaf was peeled off with a pair of forceps.

    a

    b

    c

    d

    3

    (c) Setitik larutan iodin dititiskan ke atas sel epidermis bawang yang diletak di atas slaid. / A drop of iodine solution was added to the epidermal onion leaf that was plac