96388315 haiwan yg tlh pupus

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    The quagga was originally classified as an individual species, Equusquagga, in 1778. Over the other 2000 years or so, many other zebras weredescribed by naturalists and explorers. Because of the great variation incoat patterns (no two zebras are alike), taxonomists were left with a great

    number of described "species", and no easy way to tell which of thesewere true species, which were subspecies, and which were simply naturalvariants.Long before this confusion was sorted out, the quagga had been huntedto extinction for meat, hides, and to preserve feed for domesticated stock.The last wild quagga was probably shot in the late 1870s, and the lastspecimen in captivity, a mare, died on August 12, 1883 at the Natura ArtisMagistra zoo in Amsterdam. Because of the confusion between differentzebra species, particularly among the general public, the quagga hadbecome extinct before it was realized that it may have been a separatespecies.The quagga was the first extinct creature to have its DNA studied. Recentgenetic research at the Smithsonian Institution has demonstrated that thequagga was, in fact, not a separate species at all, but diverged from theextremely variable plains zebra, Equus burchelli, between 120,000 and290,000 years ago, and suggests that it should be named Equus burchelliquagga.[citation needed] However, according to the rules of biological

    nomenclature, where there are two or more alternative names for a singlespecies, the name first used takes priority.

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    As the quagga was described about thirty years earlier than the plainszebra, it appears that the correct terms are E. quagga quagga for thequagga and E. quagga burchelli for the plains zebra, unless "Equusburchelli" is officially declared to be a nomen conservandum.

    Quagga specimen in the natural history museum of MilanAfter the very close relationship between the quagga and survivingzebras was discovered, the Quagga Project was started by Reinhold Rau(19322006) in South Africa to recreate the quagga by selectivebreeding from plains zebra stock, with the eventual aim of reintroducingthem to the wild.[3] This type of selective breeding is also called breeding

    back. A foal of the Quagga Project, named Henry, was born on 20January 2005. In early 2006, the third and fourth generation animalsproduced by the project were reported to look very much like thedepictions and preserved specimens of the quagga. The practice ofbreeding back generally and specifically whether looks alone areenough to declare that this project has truly recreated the original

    quagga are both controversial.DNA from mounted specimens was successfully extracted in 1984, butthe technology to use recovered DNA for breeding does not exist. Inaddition to skins such as the one held by the Natural History Museum inLondon, there are 23 known stuffed and mounted quagga throughoutthe world. A twenty-fourth specimen was destroyed in Knigsberg,

    Germany (now Kaliningrad), during World War II.[3]

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    Dodo: - Pupus sejak lewat abad ke-17

    Dodo

    Tidak salah untuk mengatakan Dodo ialah haiwan yang telah pupuspaling popular di dunia. Banyak peribahasa sering dikaitkan dengan

    dodo seperti as dead as a dodo yang membawa maksud kematianyang ragu-ragu dan pelik. Seperti peribahasa ini, kematian dodoadalah pelik kerana Dodo dikatakan pupus secara tiba-tiba. Suatuketika, Dodo boleh kelihatan berkeliaran sepertimana ayam-ayamdan itik-itik di kampung. Dodo adalah burung yang tidak bolehterbang. Ia sering bersarang di atas tanah sepertimana ayam dan itik.

    Habitat asal Dodo adalah di Kepulauan Mauritus.

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    Thylacine

    Thylacine dipercayai pupus sejak 1936. Haiwan karnivor ini juga digelarTasmanian Tiger kerana jalur ala-ala harimau yang terdapat di balakangbadannya. Keunikkan haiwan ini menarik minat ramai saintis. Haiwan iniberhabitat di benua Australia, Tasmania dan New Guinea. Miskipundiumumkan haiwan yang telah pupus secara rasmi, terdapat beberapapertembungan antara manusia dengan haiwan ini dilaporkan. Akan tetapi,tiada bukti kukuh untuk menyokongnya. Thylacine dipercayai pupus kerana

    pemburuan manusia secara berterusan dan habitatnya yang terancam.

    Thylacine a.k.a Tasmanian Tiger :- pupus sejak 1936

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    A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus,proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, innorthern species, a covering of long hair. They lived from the Plioceneepoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Holocene at about 4,500years ago.[1][2] and were members of the family Elephantidae, whichcontains, along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and

    their ancestors.

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    Tyrannosaurus Rex ataupun nama manjanya T.Rex masih kekalsebagai haiwan pemangsa paling ditakuti yang pernah hidup di muka

    bumi. Panjangnya adalah 43.3 kaki, dan 16.6 kaki tinggi dengan beratsehingga 7 tan.! T.Rex dipercayai mempunyai otot kaki dan rahangyang kuat. Ini menjadikan T.Rex mempunyai pakej lengkap sebagaihaiwan pemangsa yang paling ditakuti oleh mana-mana haiwan lainpada waktu itu. Fosil T.Rex kebanyakkannya ditemui di negara-negaraBenua Amerika Utara. Setakat ini, saintis telah mengumpul kira-kira 30fosil T.Rex daripada kawasan ini.

    Tyrannosaurus Rex:Pupus sejak 65 juta tahun yang lalu

    T. Rex

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    Ada empat belas jenis kelewar di Britain yang sedang terancam. Kelewartapal kuda yang lebih besar adalah salah satu yang paling menarik.

    Semasa ini ada 35 diakui lahir. Estimasi semasa ini berkisar antara 4.000dan 6.600.

    Binatang ini juga pupus akibat dari penggunaan insektisida (zat kimiaberacun disembor pada tanaman untuk membunuh seranggaberbahaya) . Ini telah merampas serangga yang menjadi sumber utama

    makanan binatang ini.

    . Kelawar Tapal Kuda

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    Sangat menarik dan mungkin ada kurang dari 200 ekor di alam bebas,mungkin semua dalam alam khusus. Diburu para pemburu haram keranadapat memberi makan keluarganya selama satu tahun dari hasil hanyamembunuh seekor harimau.

    Harimau Siberia

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    Penyu pernah intensif diburu untuk daging dan telur, namun lemakjuga digunakan dalam industri kosmetik. Banyak dari inatang ini matisetiap tahun tertangkap dalam jaring ikan dari crabfishers. Di Turki,

    hotel telah dibina tepat di atas tempat pembiakan

    Penyu Tempayan

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    A dugong or manatee male calf,named is Si Tenang was foundstranded at Pasir Gudang, Johor in 1999.They are endangeredbecause they get caught in nets, they were and still are huntedfor meat and oil for thousands of years, they are hurt by boats,they are also hunted by tiger sharks.

    dugong

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    Sebelum manusia membuat kajian dengan penggunaan feromon, burungbuas spektakuler jauh lebih banyak daripada sekarang ini. Binatang ini jugatelah diburu oleh para gembala dan gamekeepers yang menganggapbinatang ini sebagai ancaman. Intens dengan tindakan konservasi, populasidi Eropah Timur pulih, rancangan pemulihan bertujuan untuk mendapatbeberapa daerah peternakan tradisional di Eropah.

    Helang Ekor Ikan Putih

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    It's hard to miss the rhinoceros hornbill, even in the wild: Though this three-foot tall bird weighs only about 6 pounds, the brightly colored bill makes itstand out in any environment. Native to Southeast Asia--Sumatra, Borneo,

    Java--the animal is born with a white beak and casque that picks up the redand yellow color from rubbing its beak against a gland; the red-orangesecretions dye the beak over the course of the bird's life. The hornbill facespopulation threats from habitat loss and poachers who try to get its feathers,while they're also a key part of Malaysian rituals. Another feature that setsthis bird apart? According to the Phoenix Zoo, "They have long, thick, curly

    eyelashes and are one of the few birds with eyelashes."

    Rhinoceros Hornbill

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    The bateleur, which gets its name from the French word for tightrope walker, isfound most often in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe--butdon't count on seeing one: Population estimates for these endangered birds

    place the current number at 75 percent fewer than in the early 1900s, and 50percent less in the last 30 years. Raptors Namibia places most of the blame onpoisons, which the bateleur picks up from carcasses on farms placed next toprotected nesting areas, but a decrease in the availability of carrion preyhasn't helped. The birds are usually only about 2 feet long but have a wingspan of up to 6 feet, and will fly more than 200 miles on one hunting

    expedition.

    Bateleur

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    While the shoebill is technically a type of stork, it's not hard to see why thecartoon kinds that always show up delivering babies don't look much likethis hook-billed cousin. Measuring up at nearly 5 feet tall, and native to theEast African White Nile marshes, the shoebill has a wingspan of as much as10 feet--and a reputation for violent nocturnal feedings of fish, turtles, babybirds, and small crocodiles; however, with as few as 5,000 left in the world,the IUCN Red List deemed it Vulnerable. And as these amateur photos fromthe San Diego Wild Animal Park show, the shoebill isn't always in predator

    mode--here, it gently moves a duck out of its way with only a few featherslost.

    Shoebill

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    The wattled curassow depends heavily on rivers (and the humidlowlands and forests that house them) for the fish, insects, and othersmall waterlife that it feeds on--and since they're native to SouthAmerica, the deforestation, hunting, development, and loggingthat have been built up along the Amazon have also caused adrastic drop in the population of these birds.In 1998, the birds were found in Bolivia, where they'd previouslybeen considered extinct, and conservation groups are still working

    on preserving and protecting these birds.

    Wattled Curassow

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    Binatang ini hidup di beberapa daerah di Karnataka, Kerala dan TamilNadu. Semasa ini,hutan tropika yang merupakan habitat monyet ini,

    telah dibersihkan dan digantikan dengan perladangan teh dan kopi.Sebagaimana dengan begitu banyak mamalia, pada masa iniancaman utama di alam bebas memusnahkan habitatnya. Pemburu liarjuga seringkali menangkap anak kera, dan membunuh yang dewasadalam proses perburuannya, untuk kemudian dieksport. Binatang inidianggap sebagai monyet yang paling terancam, dengan hanya 400

    ekor yang berbaki di alam liar. Binatang diburu untuk daging dan bulu.

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