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i

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

DAFTAR ISI................................................................................................................................... i

DAFTAR TABEL ........................................................................................................................ iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR ..................................................................................................................... v

BAB I. PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................................................. 1

1.1. Latar Belakang....................................................................................................................... 1

1.2. Tujuan .................................................................................................................................... 3

1.3. Keluaran yang Diharapkan .................................................................................................... 4

1.4. Lingkup Kegiatan .................................................................................................................. 4

1.5. Referensi Hukum ................................................................................................................... 5

BAB II. KONDISI UMUM WILAYAH ..................................................................................... 8

2.1. Gambaran Umum .................................................................................................................. 8

2.2. Kependudukan ....................................................................................................................... 8

2.3. Sosial-Budaya, Ekonomi dan Kelembagaan ......................................................................... 9

2.4. Kondisi Fisik Lingkungan ................................................................................................... 10

2.4.1 Geomorfologi ............................................................................................................. 10

2.4.2 Klimatologi ................................................................................................................ 11

2.4.3 Hidrooseanografi ........................................................................................................ 11

2.5. Ekosistem dan Sumberdaya Hayati Pesisir ......................................................................... 19

2.5.1. Terumbu Karang ........................................................................................................ 19

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2.5.2. Ikan Karang ................................................................................................................ 23

2.5.3. Lamun ........................................................................................................................ 24

2.5.4. Mangrove ................................................................................................................... 25

2.6. Sarana dan Prasarana ........................................................................................................... 27

2.7.1. Transportasi ................................................................................................................ 27

2.7.2. Air Bersih ................................................................................................................... 27

2.7.3. Kesehatan ................................................................................................................... 27

2.7.4. Pendidikan .................................................................................................................. 27

2.7. Aktivitas Pengelolaan Sumberdaya ..................................................................................... 27

3.8.1. Perikanan .................................................................................................................... 27

3.8.2. Peternakan .................................................................................................................. 28

3.8.3. Perkebunan ................................................................................................................. 28

3.8.4. Kehutanan .................................................................................................................. 28

3.8.5. Pariwisata ................................................................................................................... 29

BAB III. METODOLOGI .......................................................................................................... 30

3.1. Sifat dan Jenis Kajian .......................................................................................................... 30

3.2. Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian ............................................................................................. 30

3.3. Pengumpulan Data............................................................................................................... 30

3.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data ................................................................................................. 32

3.5. Analisis Data ....................................................................................................................... 32

3.6. Daya Dukung Ekowisata ..................................................................................................... 34

3.7. Daya dukung penangkapan ikan .......................................................................................... 40

3.8. Daya Dukung Kegiatan Reklamasi dan Pembangunan Pelabuhan untuk Kepentingan

Sendiri.................................................................................................................................. 41

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3.8.1. Pengumpulan Data Hidrologi..................................................................................... 42

3.9. Pemodelan Sebaran Bahan Pencemar ................................................................................. 49

3.9.1. Kecepatan Arus dan Gerakan Air di Lokasi .............................................................. 49

3.9.2. Arus yang Digerakkan oleh Angin (Wind Induced Current) ..................................... 50

3.9.3. Arus yang Digerakkan oleh Pasang Surut .................................................................. 51

3.9.4. Gerakan Partikel Air Karena Gelombang .................................................................. 51

3.9.5. Model Matematika Transport Polutan ....................................................................... 52

3.10. Jadwal Waktu Pelaksanaan Kegiatan .................................................................................. 53

4. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN................................................................................................ 45

DAFTAR PUSTAKA .................................................................................................................. 89

iv

DAFTAR TABEL

No. Judul Tabel Halaman

Tabel 1. Hasil Analisis Kualitas Air Laut ..................................................................................... 12

Tabel 2. Komponen Pasang Surut Stasiun Bojonegara ................................................................ 14

Tabel 3. Nilai Elevasi Penting Stasiun Bojonegara ...................................................................... 15

Tabel 4. Luasan Terumbu Karang di Pulau Panjang .................................................................... 20

Tabel 5. Kelimpahan Ikan Terumbu pada Lokasi Pengamatan (DKP Serang, 2012) .................. 23

Tabel 6. Luasan Lamun di Pulau Panjang .................................................................................... 25

Tabel 6. Luasan Lamun di Pulau Panjang .................................................................................... 26

Tabel 7. Potensi ekologis pengunjung (K) dan luas area kegiatan (Lt) ........................................ 36

Tabel 8. Prediksi waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk setiap kegiatan wisata....................................... 38

Tabel 9. Metode Pengumpulan Data hidrologi ............................................................................. 43

Tabel 10. Jadwal Waktu Pelaksanaan Kegiatan ........................................................................... 53

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

No. Judul Gambar Halaman

Gambar 1. Lokasi Pulau Panjang .................................................................................................... 9

Gambar 2. Peta Sebaran Sedimen Permukaan .............................................................................. 11

Gambar 3. Peta Batimetri di Sekitar Pulau Panjang ..................................................................... 12

Gambar 4. Grafik Pasang Surut Stasiun Bojonegara .................................................................... 14

Gambar 5. Pola Arus Laut Musim Barat di Sekitar Pulau Panjang .............................................. 16

Gambar 6. Pola Arus Laut Musim Timur di Sekitar Pulau Panjang ............................................. 17

Gambar 7. Gelombang Musim Barat .......................

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