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ellence By Doing © ellence By Doing © Cikgu Hamzah Cikgu Hamzah 2 2 Merekabentuk Eksperimen Merekabentuk Eksperimen

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Page 1: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Excellence By Doing © Excellence By Doing © Cikgu HamzahCikgu Hamzah 20092009

Merekabentuk EksperimenMerekabentuk Eksperimen

Page 2: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Excellence By Doing © Excellence By Doing © Cikgu HamzahCikgu Hamzah 20092009

Page 16Page 16

Page 3: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31
Page 4: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31
Page 5: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

dijadikan

Baca soalan dengan teliti..GariskankanGariskankan maklumat-maklumat

penting yang terdapat di dalam soalan.

MA

S

Page 6: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza.You are give / anda diberi:

Copper rodRod kuprum

glass rodRod kaca

Dry cellBateri kering

bulbmentol

Connecting wireWayar penyambung

(a)Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statementCadangkan satu hipotesis bagi menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

SPM 2008Bahagian C : No. 10

Electric conduct metals non-metals

can but cannot

konduksi elektrik logam bukan logam

boleh tetapi tidak boleh

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza

MA

S

Page 7: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza.You are give / anda diberi:

Copper rodRod kuprum

glass rodRod kaca

Dry cellBateri kering

bulbmentol

Connecting wireWayar penyambung

SPM 2008Bahagian C : No. 10

Electric conduct metals non-metalskonduksi elektrik logam bukan logam

( i ) Aim of the experiment / Tujuan eksperimen :Aim

To study can but cannot.

Tujuan

Mengkajilogam boleh konduksi elektrik tetapibukan logam tak boleh.

Page 8: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza.You are give / anda diberi:

Dry cellBateri kering

bulbmentol

Connecting wireWayar penyambung

SPM 2008Bahagian C : No. 10

Electrical conductivity metals non-metalskonduksi elektrik logam bukan logam

( ii ) Identification of variables / Mengenalpasti pembolehubah :

i. Manipulated variable.Pembolehubah dimanipulasi;………………………………………

and or Type ofmatter

ii. responding variable.Pembolehubah bergerakbalas;………………………………………

or Condition of

iii. fixed variable.Pembolehubah dimalarkan;………………………………………

bulbmentol

Type of

Copper rodRod kuprum

glass rodRod kaca

Page 9: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza.You are give / anda diberi:

Copper rodRod kuprum

glass rodRod kaca

Dry cellBateri kering

bulbmentol

Connecting wireWayar penyambung

SPM 2008Bahagian C : No. 10

Electric conduct metals non-metalskonduksi elektrik logam bukan logam

(iii ) List of materials and apparatus / Senarai bahan dan radas :materials bahan

:

apparatus radas

:

Not given.

Tidak diberi.

Anda Fikirlah Sendiri !Anda Fikirlah Sendiri !

Page 10: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza.You are give / anda diberi:

Copper rodRod kuprum

glass rodRod kaca

Dry cellBateri kering

bulbmentol

Connecting wireWayar penyambung

SPM 2008Bahagian C : No. 10

Electric conduct metals non-metalskonduksi elektrik logam bukan logam

( iv ) Procedure or method / Prosedur atau kaedah :

Set A Set B

You are advised to draw the apparatus and materialsYou are advised to draw the apparatus and materials

Procedure / KaedahProcedure / Kaedah1.Sambungkan bateri dengan mentol.1.Sambungkan bateri dengan mentol.2.Kemudain sambung kedua-dua hujung wayar 2.Kemudain sambung kedua-dua hujung wayar penyambung dengan rod kuprum.penyambung dengan rod kuprum.3.Sediakan satu set radas lain yang 3.Sediakan satu set radas lain yang disambung dengan rod kaca.disambung dengan rod kaca.4. Perhatikan perubahan pada mentol.4. Perhatikan perubahan pada mentol.

Set-up the apparatus and materials .Set-up the apparatus and materials .

?? ?? ?? ?? ??

4 markah diberi sama ada 4 markah diberi sama ada pada TULISANTULISAN atau RAJAHRAJAH.

Manakah lebihManakah lebih mudah?mudah?

rajah rajah @@

ayat-ayat?ayat-ayat?

Page 11: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam berbeza.You are give / anda diberi:

Copper rodRod kuprum

glass rodRod kaca

Dry cellBateri kering

bulbmentol

Connecting wireWayar penyambung

SPM 2008Bahagian C : No. 10

metals non-metalskonduksi elektrik logam bukan logam

( v ) Tabulation of data / Penjadualan data :Table jadual

Manipulated VariableManipulated VariablePembolehubah dimanipulasiPembolehubah dimanipulasiType of matter responding Variableresponding Variable

Pembolehubah bergerakbalasPembolehubah bergerakbalas

Electrical conductivity

data data

Page 12: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

DoingDoing to Excelence © to Excelence © Cikgu HamzahCikgu Hamzah 20092009

pagepage1717

Page 13: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10

( a ) Identification of variables / Mengenalpasti pembolehubah

i. Manipulated variable.Pembolehubah dimanipulasi;………………………………………

ii. responding variable.Pembolehubah bergerakbalas;………………………………………

iii. fixed variable.Pembolehubah dimalarkan;………………………………………

Type of

pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

nutrient brothbubur nutrien

Pure waterAir suling

acidasid

Sodium hydroxideNatrium hidrosida

Exercise 1

pH rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

bacteriapH

dropperpenitis

Page 14: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1Bahagian C : No. 10

pH bacterial growth

(a)Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statementCadangkan satu hipotesis bagi menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

The ………… the …………….., the …………. the ………………

comparative

word

Manipulated

variable

comparative

word

responding

variable

The examples of The examples of comparative word.comparative word.

Longer @ shorterLonger @ shorterbigger @ smallerbigger @ smaller present @ not presentpresent @ not present

increase @ decreaseincrease @ decreasemore @ lessmore @ less

higher @ lowerhigher @ lowerhigherhigher

Page 15: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1Bahagian C : No. 10

pH pembiakan bakteria

(a)Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statementCadangkan satu hipotesis bagi menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

semakin ………… …………….., semakin …………. ………………

perkataan

perbandingan

pembolehubah

dimanipulasi

perkataan

perbandingan

pembolehubah

bergerakbalas

Contoh-contoh perkataan perbandinganContoh-contoh perkataan perbandingan

tinggi @ rendahtinggi @ rendahbesar @ kecilbesar @ kecil ada @ tiadaada @ tiada

bertambah @ berkurangbertambah @ berkuranglebih @ kuranglebih @ kurangtinggitinggi

Page 16: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

(a) Describe one experiment to test your hypothesis based one the following criteria; Terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis berdasarkan kriteria berikut;

Bahagian C : No. 10

( i ) Aim of the experiment / Tujuan eksperimen :Aim

To study

Tujuan

Mengkaji

pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1

pH rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

pH affects the rate of bacterial growthpH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteriapH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria

Page 17: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10

pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

nutrient brothbubur nutrien

Pure waterAir suling

acidasid

Sodium hydroxideNatrium hidrosida

Exercise 1

pH rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

bacteriapH

dropperpenitis

(iii ) List of materials and apparatus / Senarai bahan dan radas :materials bahan apparatus radas

Not givenNot givenTest tube

Page 18: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

nutrient brothbubur nutrien

Pure waterAir suling

acidasid

Sodium hydroxideNatrium hidrosida

dropperpenitis

( iv ) Procedure or method / Prosedur atau kaedah : You are advised to draw the apparatus and materials You are advised to draw the apparatus and materials Set-up the apparatus and materials .Set-up the apparatus and materials .

Set A Set B Set C(neutral) (acidic) (alkali)

Page 19: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10

( v ) Tabulation of data / Penjadualan data :Table jadual

Manipulated VariableManipulated VariablePembolehubah dimanipulasiPembolehubah dimanipulasi

responding Variableresponding VariablePembolehubah bergerakbalasPembolehubah bergerakbalas

data data

pH affects the rate of bacterial growth.pH mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Exercise 1

pH rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

( acidic )

( neutral )

pH kadar pembiakan bakteria

( alkali )

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

nutrient brothbubur nutrien

Pure waterAir suling

Hydrochloric acidAsid hidroklorik

Sodium hydroxideNatrium hidrosida

Page 20: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10

( a ) Identification of variables / Mengenalpasti pembolehubah

i. Manipulated variable.Pembolehubah dimanipulasi;………………………………………

ii. responding variable.Pembolehubah bergerakbalas;………………………………………

iii. fixed variable.Pembolehubah dimalarkan;………………………………………

Type of

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1

Temperature rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

bacteriaSuhu

Page 21: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1Bahagian C : No. 10

Temperature bacterial growth

(a)Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statementCadangkan satu hipotesis bagi menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

The ………… the …………….., the …………. the ………………

comparative

word

Manipulated

variable

comparative

word

responding

variable

The examples of The examples of comparative word.comparative word.

Longer @ shorterLonger @ shorterbigger @ smallerbigger @ smaller present @ not presentpresent @ not present

increase @ decreaseincrease @ decreasemore @ lessmore @ less

higher @ lowerhigher @ lowerhigherhigher

Page 22: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1Bahagian C : No. 10

Suhu pembiakan bakteria

(a)Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statementCadangkan satu hipotesis bagi menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

semakin ………… …………….., semakin …………. ………………

perkataan

perbandingan

pembolehubah

dimanipulasi

perkataan

perbandingan

pembolehubah

bergerakbalas

Contoh-contoh perkataan perbandinganContoh-contoh perkataan perbandingan

tinggi @ rendahtinggi @ rendahbesar @ kecilbesar @ kecil ada @ tiadaada @ tiada

bertambah @ berkurangbertambah @ berkuranglebih @ kuranglebih @ kurangtinggitinggi

Page 23: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

(a) Describe one experiment to test your hypothesis based one the following criteria; Terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis berdasarkan kriteria berikut;

Bahagian C : No. 10

( i ) Aim of the experiment / Tujuan eksperimen :Aim

To study

Tujuan

Mengkaji

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1

Temperature rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growthSuhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteriaSuhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria

Page 24: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

(a) Describe one experiment to test your hypothesis based one the following criteria; Terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis berdasarkan kriteria berikut;

Bahagian C : No. 10

(iii ) List of materials and apparatus / Senarai bahan dan radas :materials bahan

:

apparatus radas

:

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1

Temperature rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

Not given

Tidak diberi.

Page 25: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10

( iv ) Procedure or method / Prosedur atau kaedah :

Set A Set B

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Exercise 1

Temperature rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

You are advised to draw the apparatus and materialsYou are advised to draw the apparatus and materials

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

( 37°C )( 0°C )

bakteria

Set-up the apparatus and materials .Set-up the apparatus and materials . 4 markah diberi sama ada 4 markah diberi sama ada pada TULISANTULISAN atau RAJAHRAJAH.

Page 26: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Bahagian C : No. 10

( v ) Tabulation of data / Penjadualan data :Table jadual

Manipulated VariableManipulated VariablePembolehubah dimanipulasiPembolehubah dimanipulasi

responding Variableresponding VariablePembolehubah bergerakbalasPembolehubah bergerakbalas

data data

Temperature affects the rate of bacterial growth.Suhu mempengaruhi kadar pembiakan bakteria.

You are give / anda diberi:

Bacteria cultureKultur bakteria

Sterilized nutrient agarAgar nutrien disteril

refrigeratorPeti sejuk

incubatorinkubator

Sterilized petri dishPiring petri steril

Exercise 1

Temperature rate of bacterial growthkadar pembiakan bakteria

( 37°C )

( 0°C )

Suhu kadar pembiakan bakteria

Page 27: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Excellence By Doing © Excellence By Doing © Cikgu HamzahCikgu Hamzah 20092009

Page 14 - 15Page 14 - 15

Page 28: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

Apparatus / alat-alat

1 23 4 18

6

5

8 9 10

17 19 20

14 15

16

11 12

7

13

21 22 23 24 25

26 27 28 29 30

Test tube tabung uji

Beaker bikar

Petri dish piring petri

crucible mangkuk pijar

spatula spatula

Tripod stand tuku kaki tiga

Bunsen bunner penunu bunsen

Dry cell bateri kering

wire wayar

Crocodlile clip klip buaya

Carbon electrod elektrod karbon

Glass rod rod kaca

ammeter ammeter

bulb mentol

Copper rod rod kuprum

thermometer termometer

Page 29: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

1 23 4 18

6

5

8 9 10

17 19 20

14 15

16

11 12

7

13

21 22 23 24 25

26 27 28 29 30

Dropper penitis

incubator inkubator

ruler pembaris

Concave len kanta cekung

Convex len kanta cembung

White screen skrin putih

string tali

Stop watch jam randik

weight pemberat

Retort stand kaki retot

Cotton wool kapas

wax lilin

oven ketuhar

Black paper kertas hitam

freezer peti sejuk

Measuring cylinder selinder penyukat

Apparatus / alat-alat

Page 30: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

1 23 4 18

6

5

8 9 10

17 19 20

14 15

16

11 12

7

13

21 22 23 24 25

26 27 28 29 30

Distilled waterAir suling

Hydrochloric acid asid hidroklorik

Sodium hydroxide solution larutan natrium hidroksida

Copper rod rod kuprum

Glass rod rod kaca

Magnesium foil pita magnesium

Iron nail paku besi

Sterile nutrient agar agar nutrien disteril

Bacterial culture kultur bakteria

Peniciline disc cakera penisilin

iron rod rod besi

seedlings biji benih

Lead bromide plumbum bromida

Knop solution larutan Knop

latex lateks

Materials / bahan-bahan

Sodium hydroxide crystal pepejal natrium hidroksida

Page 31: Soalan C 10   Merekabentuk Eksperimen   Page 16 31

For more information, please call Cg Hamzah 013-930 2955

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