rm ores brochure

SAIL€;STW Aboard The REGINA MARIS The Ocean Research and Education Sociery lnc. .1,1 :..:ir!__ ,. ..1r., a./iliry/;r::::i'r' ::ji\i.i,:.i.::',-:r!/;i1;;:::r' | | ].i.. '.:..:::'fraar.*.a........ ..1rr1....,...+,, .1qri46l5qji,;i*.it . ; .iz 4r' ;: .n*! :r'tiifr?i.l .i;iili, ..:/';: :.1: -..,i...a:.:,.;..1:.

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Page 1: RM ORES Brochure

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SAIL€;STWAboard The REGINA MARIS The Ocean Research

and Education Sociery lnc.


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a./iliry/;r::::i'r' ::ji\i.i,:.i.::',-:r!/;i1;;:::r' | | ].i..


.1qri46l5qji,;i*.it .::

; .iz 4r' ;:.n*! :r'tiifr?i.l

.i;iili, ..:/';: :.1:-..,i...a:.:,.;..1:.

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Th" O."u., Research and EducationSociety, Inc. is a non-profit, educationalmembership society, bom from a convictionthat knowledge and appreciation of theoceans and the fragility of its ecosystems

must be vastly expanded if their enorrnous

resources are to be conserved for futuregenerations.

What are our goals?( 1) Conservation of thlocean environment

(2) Generation of new knowledge of ocean


(3) Creation of a constituency concemedwith the oceans and the problems oftheir preservation

How are these goals beingoursued?^ To realire its goals, the Sociery has under-

taken a program of combined research and

teaching in open ocean ecology currentlyfocused on cetacea-whales and dolphins.

Thisfocus was chosen because whales are

the top of their food chain; there are huge

gaps in our knowledge of their biology; theyare an excellent example of what happens

to a group of animals when man is allowedto prey upon them without control; andthere is much public interest in their fate

to which romance, their majestic bulk, and

a feeling of kinship to these seemingly highlyintelligent animals all contribute.

ResearchThe research generally focuses on ceta-

cean populations on which little research

has been done to date and where knowledgeis needed immediately for their protection.

S nrlents bun methods of collecdng and qtuxtti-

f1 ing planknn sunple s m sauly ing whall hflbi-

ats. (Phon:K. Babomb)

Currently, it is concemed with the relativeabundance, migratory pattem and ecologyof the great whales - fin, humpback, right,spern, gray and blue- and some of the lesser

whales - porpoise, dolphin and bottle-nosedwhale. Other marine mammals- sea lion,seal and walrus- are observed and studied

as time and opportunity permit. Efforts are

being made to define habitats by correlatingthe presence of the species of animals beingstudied with ecological features such as

plankton, fish, and physical and chemicalcharacteristics of the water column. Photo-graphic and acoustic data are collected andused to identify individual animals, to study

their behaviour and to follow their migra-tions. Research is directed by Dr. George

Nichols, Jr., the Ocean Research and Edu-

cation Society's scientific staffand visitingscientists. Students are an integral part ofthe team, assisting in the collection of primarydata and the initial analysis of the findings.

EducationTwo courses are offered aboard r/c, REGINA

MARIS on each expedition-Marine Mam-mal Biology and Celestial Navigation. These

provide the student with a keener insightinto the research projects with which he is

assisting and to enhance his knowledge ofseamanship by being taught the skill of using

celestial navigation to determine his precise

position at sea. Academic credit is available

upon successful completion of the courses


The main goals of the Marine MammalBiology course are (1) to introduce each stu-

dent, either novice or well-versed in thebiological sciences, to the field of marinemammalogy, (2) to instruct students in thebiology and physiology of marine mammals

and the historical relationship, both past

and present, between man and cetacean and(3) to equip each student with the basicskills necessary to identify and to examine

the marine mammals they will observe andstudy during the course of the expedition.The course is taught by the ORES scientificstaff' and visiting scientists.

The course in Celestial Navigation is

designed to instruct the students in theparticulars of this age-old science and toenable the students to plot the ship's course

on the open ocean, relying only upon sex-

tant, chronometer, the sun and stars. Stu-dents who successfully pass the course takewith them a skill that can prove useful, ofteninvaluable, for many years to come.

The Vesselr/c, REGINAMARIS, a 144 foot three-

masted barquentine, is the Society's primary

research vessel. Other vessels are charteredas needed for specific expeditions. A sailingship such as r/q.,REGINA MARIS is par-

ticularly well-suited for whale and othercetacean research because her masts providethe high platforms needed to spor and ob-

serve whales and dolphiru at sea. Her abilityto run silent under sail makes possible therecording of whale sounds without contami-nation fiom propeller and engine noise anda sailing ship's stability at sea greatly facili-tates the collection and laboratory examina-

tion of plankton, fish, water samples, et cetera.

r/q,, REGINA MARIS is in Lloyd's Class

100 A.1, which means that she is extremelywell-found and seaworthy. She accommo-

dates 37 austerely. She has a large on-decklaboratory- a dry lab for electronic equip-ment and a wet lab for sampling gear, anda darkroom for on-the-spot development ofphotographic data.

Phan: HenkVmBeec)er

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he PeooleThe scientiis, r/c/ REGINA MARIS crew

administrative staf who make

the core of the Ocean Research and Fiu-Sobiety, Inc. are not only highlyand qualified in their respective fields

are also dedicated and

to the goals ofthe Society.


the Sociery and Master of r/cr REGINAfounded the Society in 1975. The

ducation and research programs of theociety are under his direct supervision and

is the chief instructor in the Celestialcourse on board. Dr. Nichols

written numerous articles about his

ocean voyages for SAIL magazine and

or OCEANS, the magazine of the Oceanicociety. lUith Ken Balcomb and HalWhite-ead, Dr. Nichols has also authored several

scientific reports on the data compiled aboard

REGINA MARIS on Westem Northhumpback whale (Megaptera nowae-

anglne) behaviour and migration pattems.KENNETH C. BALCOMB III, Chief

Scientist of the Society, has been activelyengaged in cetacean research for over 15

He founded the Moclips Cetologicalociety and is a member of the Americanociety of Mammologists. For the past threeears, Ken has run a research program,

RCA SURVEY in the Strait of Juan de

uca, the SanJuan Islands and Puget Soundin Washington state to study the populationsf killer whales (Gcim.rs orca). Ken has been

aboard r/q.,REGINA MARIS on several

expeditions conducting research in New-

foundland and Labrador on humpback whaleeeding behaviour and in the Caribbean onthe banks oflHispaniola on humpback whalereeding and calving behaviours. Ken is

resently a doctoral candidate at the Uni-ersity of Califomia- Santa Cruz, under theupervision of Dr. Kenneth S. Nonis.

TuitionTiritions are based on the actual costs of

operation and vary from expedition to expe-

dition, depending upon duration and theavailability ofresearch support. They pres-

ently average $500 per week.

Some scholarship aid is available forhighly deserving and qualified students.

Adjustrnents in the tuition may be made

when research grants and donations partially

cover the operational costs of an expedition.

MembershioMembership is oien to all interested in

participating in the Society's work and con-tributing to its support. The classes of mem-

bership are:


Sustaining Member

Supporting Member





$ 25.00







Members are always welcome aboard theship whenever she is in port. They are in-vited for a day-sail once or twice a year and

they can participate vicariously in theSociety's programs of research and educationthrough our weekly newsletter, SEARCH-LIGHT, and in the otherways as time, incli-nation, talent and skill allow. Fellows,

C.orporates, Patrons and Founders may be

invited to sail aboard on an expedition as

Dr. Syluia Emle and scienist Ken Babryntb

r ecording lunnpback whale "songs " off Ber -

mudn. (Phon : Al Giddings)

space allows and are eligible for a 10% dis-count on the tuition of any expedition onwhich they choose to go. All conrributioruare tax deductible.

Newfoundknd, Swnmer of 1977.(Photo:G. Nichols, Jr. )

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OceanResearchEducation Society, Inc.

Commercial Wharf #6Massachusetts 02110



George Nichols, Jr., M.D., President

lUilham Davidson, M.D.

Bemard A. GoldhirshPaul A. Pennoyer, Jr.Gratia R.'Waters

Science AdvisoryBoardKenneth S. Norris, ChairmilnProfessor of Natural HistoryUniversity of Califomia, Santa Cruz

George P. FultonAssociate DirectorCommission of Higher EducationState of South Carolina

Roger S. PalneResearch Zoologist

New York Zoological SocietyAffi liate Associate ProGssor

Rockefeller University

Johrr J. Prescott


New EnglandAquariumWilliam E. SchevillAssociate inMammologyMuseum of Comparative ZoologlHarvard UniversityWoods Hole Oceanographic Instirution

Leonard P. Savignano

DirectorCenter of Intemational EducationMassachusetts State Colleges

: G earge Nichols, Jr.

Phan: CanilleGoebel Phnn: BenBaxter