rm ores brochure
8/2/2019 RM ORES Brochure
SAIL€;STWAboard The REGINA MARIS The Ocean Research
and Education Sociery lnc.
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8/2/2019 RM ORES Brochure
Th" O."u., Research and EducationSociety, Inc. is a non-profit, educationalmembership society, bom from a convictionthat knowledge and appreciation of theoceans and the fragility of its ecosystems
must be vastly expanded if their enorrnous
resources are to be conserved for futuregenerations.
What are our goals?( 1) Conservation of thlocean environment
(2) Generation of new knowledge of ocean
(3) Creation of a constituency concemedwith the oceans and the problems oftheir preservation
How are these goals beingoursued?^ To realire its goals, the Sociery has under-
taken a program of combined research and
teaching in open ocean ecology currentlyfocused on cetacea-whales and dolphins.
Thisfocus was chosen because whales are
the top of their food chain; there are huge
gaps in our knowledge of their biology; theyare an excellent example of what happens
to a group of animals when man is allowedto prey upon them without control; andthere is much public interest in their fate
to which romance, their majestic bulk, and
a feeling of kinship to these seemingly highlyintelligent animals all contribute.
ResearchThe research generally focuses on ceta-
cean populations on which little research
has been done to date and where knowledgeis needed immediately for their protection.
S nrlents bun methods of collecdng and qtuxtti-
f1 ing planknn sunple s m sauly ing whall hflbi-
ats. (Phon:K. Babomb)
Currently, it is concemed with the relativeabundance, migratory pattem and ecologyof the great whales - fin, humpback, right,spern, gray and blue- and some of the lesser
whales - porpoise, dolphin and bottle-nosedwhale. Other marine mammals- sea lion,seal and walrus- are observed and studied
as time and opportunity permit. Efforts are
being made to define habitats by correlatingthe presence of the species of animals beingstudied with ecological features such as
plankton, fish, and physical and chemicalcharacteristics of the water column. Photo-graphic and acoustic data are collected andused to identify individual animals, to study
their behaviour and to follow their migra-tions. Research is directed by Dr. George
Nichols, Jr., the Ocean Research and Edu-
cation Society's scientific staffand visitingscientists. Students are an integral part ofthe team, assisting in the collection of primarydata and the initial analysis of the findings.
EducationTwo courses are offered aboard r/c, REGINA
MARIS on each expedition-Marine Mam-mal Biology and Celestial Navigation. These
provide the student with a keener insightinto the research projects with which he is
assisting and to enhance his knowledge ofseamanship by being taught the skill of using
celestial navigation to determine his precise
position at sea. Academic credit is available
upon successful completion of the courses
The main goals of the Marine MammalBiology course are (1) to introduce each stu-
dent, either novice or well-versed in thebiological sciences, to the field of marinemammalogy, (2) to instruct students in thebiology and physiology of marine mammals
and the historical relationship, both past
and present, between man and cetacean and(3) to equip each student with the basicskills necessary to identify and to examine
the marine mammals they will observe andstudy during the course of the expedition.The course is taught by the ORES scientificstaff' and visiting scientists.
The course in Celestial Navigation is
designed to instruct the students in theparticulars of this age-old science and toenable the students to plot the ship's course
on the open ocean, relying only upon sex-
tant, chronometer, the sun and stars. Stu-dents who successfully pass the course takewith them a skill that can prove useful, ofteninvaluable, for many years to come.
The Vesselr/c, REGINAMARIS, a 144 foot three-
masted barquentine, is the Society's primary
research vessel. Other vessels are charteredas needed for specific expeditions. A sailingship such as r/q.,REGINA MARIS is par-
ticularly well-suited for whale and othercetacean research because her masts providethe high platforms needed to spor and ob-
serve whales and dolphiru at sea. Her abilityto run silent under sail makes possible therecording of whale sounds without contami-nation fiom propeller and engine noise anda sailing ship's stability at sea greatly facili-tates the collection and laboratory examina-
tion of plankton, fish, water samples, et cetera.
r/q,, REGINA MARIS is in Lloyd's Class
100 A.1, which means that she is extremelywell-found and seaworthy. She accommo-
dates 37 austerely. She has a large on-decklaboratory- a dry lab for electronic equip-ment and a wet lab for sampling gear, anda darkroom for on-the-spot development ofphotographic data.
8/2/2019 RM ORES Brochure
he PeooleThe scientiis, r/c/ REGINA MARIS crew
administrative staf who make
the core of the Ocean Research and Fiu-Sobiety, Inc. are not only highlyand qualified in their respective fields
are also dedicated and
to the goals ofthe Society.
DR. GEORGE NICHOLS, JR., President
the Sociery and Master of r/cr REGINAfounded the Society in 1975. The
ducation and research programs of theociety are under his direct supervision and
is the chief instructor in the Celestialcourse on board. Dr. Nichols
written numerous articles about his
ocean voyages for SAIL magazine and
or OCEANS, the magazine of the Oceanicociety. lUith Ken Balcomb and HalWhite-ead, Dr. Nichols has also authored several
scientific reports on the data compiled aboard
REGINA MARIS on Westem Northhumpback whale (Megaptera nowae-
anglne) behaviour and migration pattems.KENNETH C. BALCOMB III, Chief
Scientist of the Society, has been activelyengaged in cetacean research for over 15
He founded the Moclips Cetologicalociety and is a member of the Americanociety of Mammologists. For the past threeears, Ken has run a research program,
RCA SURVEY in the Strait of Juan de
uca, the SanJuan Islands and Puget Soundin Washington state to study the populationsf killer whales (Gcim.rs orca). Ken has been
aboard r/q.,REGINA MARIS on several
expeditions conducting research in New-
foundland and Labrador on humpback whaleeeding behaviour and in the Caribbean onthe banks oflHispaniola on humpback whalereeding and calving behaviours. Ken is
resently a doctoral candidate at the Uni-ersity of Califomia- Santa Cruz, under theupervision of Dr. Kenneth S. Nonis.
TuitionTiritions are based on the actual costs of
operation and vary from expedition to expe-
dition, depending upon duration and theavailability ofresearch support. They pres-
ently average $500 per week.
Some scholarship aid is available forhighly deserving and qualified students.
Adjustrnents in the tuition may be made
when research grants and donations partially
cover the operational costs of an expedition.
MembershioMembership is oien to all interested in
participating in the Society's work and con-tributing to its support. The classes of mem-
Members are always welcome aboard theship whenever she is in port. They are in-vited for a day-sail once or twice a year and
they can participate vicariously in theSociety's programs of research and educationthrough our weekly newsletter, SEARCH-LIGHT, and in the otherways as time, incli-nation, talent and skill allow. Fellows,
C.orporates, Patrons and Founders may be
invited to sail aboard on an expedition as
Dr. Syluia Emle and scienist Ken Babryntb
r ecording lunnpback whale "songs " off Ber -
mudn. (Phon : Al Giddings)
space allows and are eligible for a 10% dis-count on the tuition of any expedition onwhich they choose to go. All conrributioruare tax deductible.
Newfoundknd, Swnmer of 1977.(Photo:G. Nichols, Jr. )
8/2/2019 RM ORES Brochure
OceanResearchEducation Society, Inc.
Commercial Wharf #6Massachusetts 02110
George Nichols, Jr., M.D., President
lUilham Davidson, M.D.
Bemard A. GoldhirshPaul A. Pennoyer, Jr.Gratia R.'Waters
Science AdvisoryBoardKenneth S. Norris, ChairmilnProfessor of Natural HistoryUniversity of Califomia, Santa Cruz
George P. FultonAssociate DirectorCommission of Higher EducationState of South Carolina
Roger S. PalneResearch Zoologist
New York Zoological SocietyAffi liate Associate ProGssor
Johrr J. Prescott
New EnglandAquariumWilliam E. SchevillAssociate inMammologyMuseum of Comparative ZoologlHarvard UniversityWoods Hole Oceanographic Instirution
Leonard P. Savignano
DirectorCenter of Intemational EducationMassachusetts State Colleges
: G earge Nichols, Jr.
Phan: CanilleGoebel Phnn: BenBaxter