prophetic history : hijrah
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HIJRAH PROPHET PBUH TO MEDINAH
HIJRAH PROPHET PBUH TO MEDINAHReflection of Prophetic History(SECTION 7)OMAR HANIF BIN ABDUL AZIZ (1323487)MUHAMAD NUR LUQMAN BIN MUHAMAD ARIFIN (1423219 )AHMAD FATHI BIN ABDUL JALIL (1318791)MUHAMMAD AMIRUL NAIM BIN ROSMI (1319863)FAUZAN HAMIDI BIN MOHAMMAD NOR (1214181)
INSTRUCTOR: DR. NADZRAH BINTI MUHAMMAD
DEFINITION:(Omar Hanif)Hijrah literally means: Migration
Technical meaning: The Hegira or Hijrah (Arabic: ) is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib, that later on renamed by him to Medina, in the year 622 CE.
Factors of Hijrah to MadinahProphet Muhammad follow the command of Allah Taala.
He who emigrates in the way of Allah will find in the earth enough room for refuge and plentiful resources. And he who goes forth from his house as a migrant in the way of Allah and His Messenger, and whom death overtakes, his reward becomes incumbent on Allah. Surely Allah is All-Forgiving, All-Compassionate. (verse An Nisaa( 4:100)
Factors of Hijrah to MadinahBani Mutallib and Bani Hashim were Excommunicated by Musyrikin Quraiysh.Prophet Muhammads family got bad treatment by QuraisyhIgnored by Quraisyh people.Many of the companions were tortured and killed by Musyrikin Makkah. Bilal bin RabahHamzah bin Abdul MuthalibZaid bin Haritsah and etc.
Factors of Hijrah to MadinahThe Yathrib people keep fighting among each other and need tranquility.They know the prophet was descend to them.Need a true leader.Invited prophet Muhammad to become a leader and they promised to protect Prophet Muhammad at all cost.
Factors of Hijrah to Madinah
Yathrib was a strategic place for trade business and center to spread dawah since it is between Syam and Makkah.
Event that occurred during the journey of prophet Muhammad Ahmad Fathi Bin Abd Jalil
The Prophet In The Cave Of ThaurHelps by:Abdullah Abu BakarAmir FuhairahAsma binti Abu BakarThe event that happened in the cave of ThurThe snakes bite Abu Bakar when Abu Bakar try to save the Prophets
Schedule Of The JourneyAbout 400 kilometresPerformed the journey at night and rested during day-timeSaraqah bin Malik bin Ja'shamThe Prophet pray to Allah: "O Allah! Save us from the mischief of this manThen, after that:"I surrender my slave and camel to you and am prepared to do whatever you like"
Arrival In The Village Of QubaSituated at a distance of two leagues from Madina: Tribe of 'Bani 'Amr bin 'AufThe Prophet and his companions stayed at the house of Kulsum ibnul HadamLaid the foundation of a mosque for the tribe of Bani 'Awf
First Aqabah (Norman)This event occur in 621M between Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and 12 people of Yathrib, which they embraceIslam.Aqabah Baiat happened in the twelfth year of his prophethoodAfter that, they made a pledge.
There are 3 content in the oath.i. Do not associate anything with Allahii. Perform what God commandsiii. Leaving what Allah has forbiddenProphet Muhammad sent Mus`ab ibn `Umair and Amr ibn Umm Maktum to Yathrib with them to teach things to the people of Islam, reading the Quran, prayers and so on.
Second AqabahThis agreement made by theProphetagainst 73 men and 2 women from Yathrib.The woman is Nusaibah binti Ka'b and Asma binti Amr bin 'Adi.This agreement occurred in the thirteenth year of prophethood.
Then the people of Yathrib to pledge allegiance to Muhammad.The content is i. To listen and obey, both in the things they like and what they dislike.ii. For donation, well in cramped conditions and the field.iii. Doing good and forbidding the evil.
iv. So they are not affected censure those who reproach in the way of Allah.v. So they protect Muhammad as they protect the women and children of their own.After that, Muhammad returned to Mekkah to continue preaching.
Effect and Significant of HijrahMuhammad Amirul Naim Bin Rosmi
POLITICIslamic stateProphet as leaderMusyawarahQuality
ECONOMYNew souq for MuslimIslamic principe of Justice in economyInfrastructure development for economy continuityMotivation to be active in agricultureWaqaf system
SOCIALTarget of dakwah: Regionalism UniversalismSahifah Madinah TreatyThe concept of Ummah Establishment of new society ( Wisdom and good morals as foundation)
Formation of New SocietyMosque new assembly placesBrotherhood ( fraternity)Yathrib Change to MadinahMuslim identity ( identification pole through Zakat and Solat Jamaah)Mobility social ( special position in society according to the individual skills)
Islamic concept of Military defenceIslamic ethics of warThe concept of peace and Jihad in IslamAl-Maghazi is one part of dakwah ?
COMPARISON OF HIJRAH BETWEEN PROPHETS TIME AND CURRENT TIME(Fauzan)
Religion reasons that to protect the belief and faith which is Islam so that Muslims can migrate with this kind of conditions based on what the prophet did.
Moving to other places to get a better life, such as: high salary, better job and better education.
Hijrah in Prophets TimeMuslims suffer from the ordeals from Quraish who tortured them was using a cruel ways to make Muslims return to their forefather belief. They would not leave Mecca if the opponents are not becoming more dangerous to them, so this is the reason why prophet and his followers do hijrah.
Quranic Verse Then, indeed your Lord, to those who emigrated after they had been compelled (to renounce their religion) and thereafter fought (for the cause of Allah) and were patient- indeed, your Lord, after that, is Forgiving and Merciful. (An-Nahl, 110)
Hijrah in Current TimeStudying abroad because they wanted to deepen the Islamic lessons, avoid moral decadence, want to practice the acquired knowledge and improve themselves because of God is what it is called the real Hijrah.
Referrences:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hegirahttp://aridasahputra.blogspot.my/2012/07/20-sahabat-nabi-yang-mati-syahid.htmlhttps://optimis5kupusb.wordpress.com/faktor-faktor-penghijrahan-rasulullah-saw/Halilovic S, Sirah Biography of Muhammad The Last Messenger of Allah, (Published by: CNS-Centre for Advanced Studies, Sarajevo)p228Yusoff.Z.M, Abdul Rahman.N.N. Biografi Muhammad bin Abdullah, Perjalanan Hidup Seorang Nabi (Publish byTS Publoication & Distributors SDN.BHD)p109-112. Chuah.O.A, Preaching to the Non-Muslim Chinese in Malaysia, (Published by IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia) p 40-41Khan.I.A, Quranic Studies an Introduction, (Published in Malaysia 2000 by Zaman Islam Media) p65-66