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CERAMAH TENTANG AEDES DAN DEMAM DENGGI

Dengue and AEDES

What you need to know

What is dengue fever? Dengue Fever is an illness caused by infection with a virus transmitted by the Aedes mosquito.

APAKAH ITU DEMAM DENGGI? Penyakit merbahaya yang disebabkan oleh gigitan nyamuk Aedes. Tiada ubat khusus merawat penyakit ini, oleh itu pencegahan adalah penting sebelum ia merebak.

Berita Harian Selasa, 12/01/2010

Awas! Nyamuk AedesWABAK demam denggi mula dikesan sekitar 1780 di Asia. Ia mula dikesan di Asia Tenggara selepas Perang Dunia Kedua dan sejak 1975, demam denggi menjadi punca utama kematian kanak-kanak dan kemasukan wad di beberapa negara di negara di rantau ini.

Denggi disebarkan menerusi gigitan nyamuk Aedes yang dijangkiti satu daripada empat virus denggi. Kedudukan Malaysia sebagai sebuah negara yang berada di kawasan beriklim tropika, memudahkan pembiakan nyamuk Aedes.

Saban hari, pasti ada kes demam denggi yang dicatat di negara ini. Mengikut statistik Kementerian Kesihatan sehingga 19 Disember lalu, jumlah terkumpul kes denggi ialah 39,794 kes dengan 84 kematian.

Demam denggi tidak mengenal usia, malah negara pernah dikejutkan dengan kematian pemain golf profesional negara, Ali Kadir sembilan tahun lalu akibat demam denggi.

Di Asia Tenggara:Indonesia (2009): 199,656 kes dilaporkan dengan 1,996 kes kematian. Malaysia (2009): 38,386 kes dikesan dengan 75 kematian. Thailand (2009): 20,100 dijangkiti dengan 50 kematian.

Filipina (2009): 18,929 kes dengan 374 kematian. Singapura (2009): 3,091 kes dikesan. Thailand (2009): 20,00 kes dikesan dan 31 kematian. Myanmar (2009): 11,383 kes dikesan dan 189 kematian. Vietnam (2009): 78,800 kes dikesan dan 98 kematian

PERINGATAN

Demam denggi adalah sejenis penyakit berjangkit berbahaya.Pada masa ini, tiada ubat khusus untuk merawat penyakit itu kecuali aktiviti pencegahan adalah amat penting.

Aedes Aegypti

Aedes Albopictus

Do you knowDengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) are the most common mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. Only the female mosquito feeds on blood. This is because they need the protein found in blood to produce eggs. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar.

The mosquito is attracted by the body odours, carbon dioxide and heat emitted from the animal or humans.The female Aedes mosquito searches for suitable places to lay their eggs. Aedes are day-biters, most active during dawn and dusk.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Example of a skin rash due to dengue fever

Demam denggi klasikal -Tanda: Kanak-kanak dan bayi -ruam dan demam panas.

Dewasa dan remaja - demam kuat yang muncul dengan tiba-tiba yang berlangsung selama dua hingga tujuh hari, sakit kepala, sakit di belakang mata, sakit otot dan sendi yang diikuti oleh ruam yang timbul pada hari ketiga hingga keempat. Bintik-bintik merah di bawah kulit juga boleh didapati.

Dan hasil daripada ujian makmal menunjukkan jumlah leukosit dan platlet dalam darah menurun.

Demam denggi berdarah -Tanda Demam yang sangat panas, pendarahan, pembesaran hati dan kegagalan sistem peredaran darah. Pendarahan yang berlaku adalah seperti bintik-bintik merah di bawah kulit, pendarahan hidung, gusi, darah dalam najis(najis berwarna hitam), kencing berdarah dan kadang kala mendapat haid yang berlebihan.

Pembesaran hati terjadi pada peringkat awal penyakit sehingga mencecah dua hingga empat sentimeter di bawah tulang rusuk kanan. Kesejukan dan kongesti kulit, kebiruan dan peningkatan kadar nadi.Pesakit juga kelihatan resah dan lemah. Mudah mengalami renjatan atau sawan

Characteristics of the Aedes MosquitoOne distinct physical feature black and white stripes on its body and legs. Bites during the day. Lays its eggs in clean, stagnant water.Close-up of an Aedes mosquito

Only the female Aedes mosquito feeds on blood. This is because they need the protein found in blood to produce eggs. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar. On average, a female Aedes mosquito can lay about 300 eggs during her life span of 14 to 21 days.

Sifat Nyamuk Aedes Gigitan pada waktu pagi dan senja. (5 pagi 8 pagi dan 5 petang 8 malam) Bertelur dalam air mati yang jernih.

Life cycle of the Aedes Mosquito

1-2 days

Pupae

Larvae

Eggs

4-5 days

2-3 days

Stagnant water

How Do Aedes Mosquitoes Transmit Diseases...Mosquito bites and sucks blood containing the virus from an infected person. And passes the virus to healthy people when it bites them.

Virus is carried in its body.

Pencegahan Hapuskan tempat pembiakanHapuskan tempat air bertakung air mati.

Membasmi nyamuk Aedes

Langkah-LangkahSenarai & periksa semua tempat kemungkinan pembiakan. Rondaan kawasan berterusan. Buang air-air yang bertakong. Bubuh ABATE untuk bunuh jentik-jentik.

Pembersihan menyeluruh & tidak membenarkan pengumpulan sampah & sisa binaan.

Penyemburan kabus (fogging) berterusan. Penyemburan Aerosol di dalam bangunan.

This is what you can do to help

Prevent Aedes from Breeding!Remove ALL sources of stagnant water.Deny the Aedes mosquito of any chance to breed.

Common Mosquito Breeding Grounds Artificial containers (man-made) 1.Flower vases and pot plates 2.Pails, water-storage jars, basins 3.Roof holes 4.Traps and holes 5.Unused toilet bowls 6.Air-cond Tray and dish rack tray 7.Concrete drains

Natural containers 1.Tree Holes, bamboo stumps 2.Leaf axils, fallen leaves

All these sites require constant inspection !!

10-Minute AEDES Wipe-Out Activity

Do the 10-Minute AEDES Wipe-out everyday.

Change water in vases on alternate days.

Do the 10-Minute AEDES Wipe-out everyday.

Remove water from flowerpot plates on alternate days.

Do the 10-Minute AEDES Wipe-out everyday.

Turn over all pails and water storage containers.

Do the 10-Minute AEDES Wipe-out everyday.

Cover bamboo pole holders when not in use.

Do the 10-Minute AEDES Wipe-out everyday.

Clear blockages and put Bti insecticide in roof holes monthly.

Unwanted items

Do not litter. Rubbish such as cups and bottles can collect rain water and breed mosquitoes.

Before you leave for holidays

Before you leave for holidays Cover all toilet bowls in your home. Seal off the overflow pipe. Cover all floor traps and holes.

Add sand granular insecticide to places that mosquitoes could potentially breed, such as flower vases and places where stagnant water could not be removed.

Before you leave for holidays(Contd) Clear blockages and add Bti insecticide in roof holes. Turn over all water storage containers.

Ask a relative or close friend to check your home regularly for stagnant water if you are going away for a long period of time. Leave your contact with your neighbours or the neighbourhood police centre so that you can be reached easily.

Spread the dengue prevention message to othersLet your family, friends and neighbours know about the dangers of breeding AEDES!!

For more information, you can visit the website at www.dengue.gov.sg

LINDUNGILAH DIRI KAMU LINDUNGILAH KELUARGA KAMU TIADA AEDES TIADA DENGGI

TERIMA KASIH

Thank You

Quiz

Why is the Aedes mosquito dangerous to us?

ANSWER:It can carry the dengue virus and infect a healthy person with dengue fever.

Name any two steps in the 10-Minute AEDES Wipe-out Activity

ANSWER:1. Change water in vases on alternate.

2. Remove water from flowerpot plates on alternate days.3. Turn over all pails and water storage containers. 4. Cover bamboo pole holders when not in use. 5. Clear blockages and put in Bti insecticide in roof gutters monthly.

What are the things that you should do before going for a holiday?

ANSWER: Cover all toilet bowls in your home. Seal off the overflow pipe of the flushing cistern. Cover all gully/floor traps. Add sand granular insecticide to places that mosquitoes could potentially breed, such as flower vases and places where stagnant water could not be removed. Clear blockages and add Bti insecticide in roof gutters. Turn over all pails and water storage containers.

Ask a relative or close friend to check your home regularly for stagnant water if you are going away for a long period of time. Leave your contact with your neighbours or the neighbourhood police post/ centre so that you can be reached easily.