pmr english language modules

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PMR ENGLISH LANGUAGE MODULES

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MODUL JUSSA PMR ( Jawab Untuk Semua Subjek A )ANJURAN KERAJAAN NEGERI PERLIS DENGAN KERJASAMA JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PERLIS DAN MAJLIS GURU CEMERLANG NEGERI PERLIS

2012

BAHASA INGGERIS MELANGKAH SEDERAP SENADA SEIRAMA MENUJU SATU DESTINASI

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Panel Penggubal:1. Pn. Yang Hameza Meor Abdul Rashid 2. Pn. Siti Jawahir Skh. Abu Bakar 3. Pn. Rahimah Ibrahim 4. Pn. Sharida Shafie 5. Cik Farhani Suhimi

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Text Completion / Rational Cloze Examination tipsBefore the examination 1. Master the rules of grammar, particularly on items commonly tested in this section: - verbs - pronouns (he, she, it, they, etc) - subject-verb agreements - relative pronouns (who, whose, which, etc) - prepositions (beneath, on, at, through, etc) - articles (a, an, the) - conjunctions (and, but, because, etc) - adjectives (pretty, good, enormous, etc) - tenses (present, past, future) - modals (can, will, shall, etc) - sentence connectors / linkers (thus, moreover, however, etc) - adverbs (quickly, immediately, gracefully, etc) 2. Do a lot of practices for this section. 3. Read widely. You need to have a good command of vocabulary to do well in this section. Use a dictionary to help you find the meanings of difficult words or phrases. During examination 1. Read through the whole passage to get an idea of what it is all about. If you do not understand, read it again slowly and carefully. 2. While reading, look out for clues that may help you in identifying the best answer. (Check for the tenses used and the grammatical keywords.) 3. Next, study the words or the sentences that come before and after the blanks. These words may provide you with important clues to get the best answer. 4. Try fitting each option into the numbered blank. Be extra careful. The correct phrase should be grammatically and logically acceptable. 5. Sometimes, the answers are very close. Choose the best answer for each blank. Cross out the options that are clearly incorrect. 6. Finally, when you have finished, read through the passage again to make sure your answers are grammatically correct and the passage itself makes sense.

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Grammar : Parts of speech Parts of speech Definition A word that names a person, place, thing, animal, concept or activity or idea. Uncountable nouns (nU) : Nouns that cannot be counted Countable nouns (nC) : Nouns that can be counted A word that describes an action or state Examples

Noun (kata nama)

tree, apple, orange, kitten, hospital, frog e.g.: The cat jumps over the fence.

Verb (kata kerja) Pronoun (ganti nama) Adjective (sifat nama) Adverb (sifat kata)

A word that takes the place of a noun

A word that describes a noun or pronoun

talk, eat, run, shout, jump, is , was, am. e.g. : the cat climbs. I, he, she, it, they, we, our, itself e.g.: Ali likes durian. He is eating it now beautiful, tall, clever, blue, red, kind e.g.: A beautiful clever girl quickly, fast, slowly, very, carefully e.g.: The cat walks slowly and quietly. on, at, about, towards, near, along, under, below, onto, inside, around, between

A word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective or an adverb A word that shows relationship between a noun or pronoun with another word in a sentence A word that is used before nouns. Indefinite articles (a and an) are used with singular uncountable nouns only. The definite article (the) is used for both countable and uncountable nouns. A word that joins two or more words, phrases or clauses. A word used to show strong feeling.

Preposition (Kata Sendi)

Article

a, an , the

Conjunction (Kata Hubung) Interjection (kata seruan)

and, or, but, however, therefore, moreover, so, although Ouch! Wow! Ah! Ops! Hey!

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Grammar rules : Tenses The Simple Present Tense The Simple Present Tense is used: a) To show a habitual action ( done regularly) e.g.: Mother goes to market twice a week. e.g.: Aina always sleeps early. b) To express a fact or truth e.g.: The owl hunts at night. c) To declare something or make observations e.g.: That book belongs to Ali. e.g.: He always comes to school early. d) To show future action that is part of a schedule / timetable e.g.: The train leaves in five minutes. Singular (verb) eat catch lie - ------------eats catches lies Plural (verb)

I You ---------------He She It

We You They

eat catch lie

The Present Continuous Tense The Present Continuous Tense is used: a) To show a habitual negative action ( done regularly) e.g.: The two brothers are always quarrelling. e.g.: She is always singing the same song. b) To show an action that is happening. e.g.: The teacher is teaching now. e.g.: The boys are playing in the field. c) To show a future action that is a part of a plan. e.g.: They are going camping next week. e.g.: I am visiting my grandmother this weekend. d) To show a progress e.g.: The water is boiling.

e.g.: Ali is improving.

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Singular I ------You ------He She It am ------are ------is

( verb + ing )

Plural

( verb + ing )

eating catching lying

We You They

are

eating catching lying

The Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense is formed by using has or have with the past participle. Uses of the Present Perfect Tense include: a) To describe an action or situation that ended a short time ago. (usually with the word just) e.g.: Mr. Tan has just arrived home from work. b) To describe an action which started in the past and continues up to the present (usually with the expressions since and for) e.g.: I have known Siti for ten years. e.g.: He has lived here since 2009. c) To connect the result of a past action to the present. e.g.: Someone has stolen her purse. (She does not have the purse with her now.) d) To describe an action or situation that has happened but the time reference is not given. e.g.: Ali has taken his lunch. e.g.: They have decorated the hall.

Singular I You --------He She It have ------has

(verb past participle)

Plural

(verb past participle) have

eaten caught lied

We You They

eaten caught lied

The Simple Past Tense Simple Past Tense is formed by the past tense form of the verb. Uses of the Simple Past Tense include: a) To describe an action or situation that has completed in the past. e.g.: Ali was a teacher. b) To describe an action which happened in the past with a time reference. e.g.: I went to Johor last year. e.g.: Ali spoke to the teacher yesterday.7

c) To show habitual past action. e.g.: We swam in the river when we were young. e.g.: They always stayed at our place when they visited us.

Singular I You He She It

(verb)

Plural

(verb)

ate caught lied

We You They

ate caught lied

The Past Continuous Tense The Past Continuous Tense is used: a) To show a habitual negative action in the past. e.g.: The two brothers were always quarrelling. e.g.: She was always singing the same song. b) To show an action that was happening at a time in the past. e.g.: The teacher was teaching. e.g.: The boys were playing in the field. c) To show an action that was happening at a specific moment in the past. e.g.: Ali was reading when I visited him. e.g.: The girls were discussing their project when they heard a scream. d) To show two actions taking place at the same time in the past. e.g.: While Ali was singing, his brother was playing the guitar. e.g.: While the boys were playing football, the girls were playing netball.

Singular I He She It ------You

( verb + ing )

Plural

( verb + ing )

was ------were

eating catching lying

We You They

were

eating catching lying

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The Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense is formed by using had with the past participle. Uses of the Past Perfect Tense include: a) When two events happened in the past, the event that happened first is in the past perfect tense while the second event is in the simple past tense. e.g.: I had cooked dinner before my parents came home. b) with the conditional if only. e.g.: If only I had listened to your advice to leave early, I would not have missed the bus. e.g.: If only I had not scolded my brother, he would not be crying.

Singular I You He She It

(verb past participle) had

Plural

(verb past participle) had

eaten caught lied

We You They

eaten caught lied

Future Tense The Future Tense is used: a) To show a planned action for the future. e.g.: I will buy the book tomorrow. e.g.: Ali will talk to the teacher later. Singular I You He She It will (base form verb) eat catch lie Plural We You They will (base form verb) eat catch lie

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Practice 1 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Dear Margaret, I was very happy to receive your letter ___(1)___ me to join you and your family for a holiday in Port Dickson. Thank you very much. I wish I could accept your ____(2)_____ but I have to help my mother in her cake shop. One of the workers has ___(3)___ and my mother __(4)__ not been able to get a new worker. I dont mind ___(5)___ my mother in the shop. I have ___(6)___ how to make many kinds of cakes. My mother __(7)__ also promised to give me more money to spend. Ill be rich! But Im going to ___(8)____ everything. I think Ill save half of what my mother ___(9)___ me. I know I shall miss all the fun in Port Dickson. You will invite me again, ___(10)___ you? Do take good care of yourself and happy holidays! Bye. Your friend, Shirley

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

invite invites inviting invited invitation invites inviting invite leave leaving left leaves has have having had help helps helped helping