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1.3 HIPOTESIS TEMPAT ASAL BAHASA MELAYU

HIPOTESIS TEMPAT ASAL USUL BAHASA MELAYU

1 U . n m u ek n g e t a h u i t e m p a t a s a l b a h a t b a n g s a M e l a y u y a n sg e m u e t n pu et ur l r u k ad ni l b

2 T . e r d da up h a i pt o t e s i s t e n t a n g ( a )k a w ( b k) a w a s a n a s a n A s ia

a s a l u s u l

T e n g a h

N u s a n t a r a

KAWASAN ASIA TENGAH

1 .

M e n u r uh ti p o t e s i s i n M e r e kd a ik a t a k a n b e d i k e t eg n h k a n o l e h a B u rm a , d C n m p a d i a a

i , o r a n g M e l a y u d i k a t a k a n b e r p i n s ea l h t d a r. i u t a r a k e d a a n r a s a l d a r i Cs h li a ta a. nT e m - tpe amt p a t y a n g e n p a r a p e nt y e mi da i s u k l a h d a e r a h Y u n a n Cd hi i s ea l ,a A as n a m d i e r l k n t s s e l a t a - C hn i n a n I d o

2 .

P e n g h i j r a h m n r e k a d i p e r c a y a i b e r l a k u d a l a ml a d u iaa k t u m l p y u P r o t o a e n , i Mu e a u M e l a y u D e u t r o . K u m p u l a n M e l a y u yP ar io bt o r d ii p r ea rhc ak e N u s a n t a r a e h j k i r ak i r a p a d a t a h u n 2 5 0 0 S M . -

d a n

3 .

P e r a d a b a n a n g M e la y u P r o t o in i d ik a t a k a n le b ih m a ju d a r ip a d a o r a n g N e g o r g s u d a h s e d i a a d a d i N u s a n t a r a l .a O ur aP n r g dtMo k e t a k a n h i d u p y o i a b e r p i n d - a a n d a h . N a m u n d e m i k i a np , amn d r ei k a e m b u a t a l a t b tea r nc a m u , k b a r a n g a n r h e a m u c p e c a - h e l a h , d a n a l a t p e r h a am aa nn . m e r e k a i n i d si k e na a lai i Z a m a n N e o l i t i k a t a u Z b Z i s e b g B a tu B a ru .

4 H. i p o tp e e s ni sg h i j r a h a n k u m p i nu i l am nm u Mu l ea l ad yi ku e Pm r o tk oa k a n o l e h P al u S a r a s i n d a n F . S a r a s iHn i pp oa td e a s it s a ih n u i nd id k i8ep 9m 2 r u.k du i ka un hn yo al e h R . H 1 e ( s e o r a i n p g r a s el j a r a h d a n n s tp i tr u tf e P s eo n r g d a i j i a n A s i a , I r a n ) p a d a t h I o 5 . M e l k a u j ii a a l G e ld e r n S u n g a i B t u r u t d it n y m e r a h e bm e a n g d i b pu ab t e n l- b u aei n l t g e gr h b a a d t a y u n i u n a p a - kt a p a k ayd wai bna u ka at p d a a k r i p i b h g m a p u t r a , SS ua nl wa ge i e I nr r, aS wu n a ub ke a r na p dp a i a tt e l a i n d i k a w a s a m b at g d n

e r s e g i p a n ja n g . ed ra d ba a ta u t y ai ns eg k i t a p d ai , i SY u a nn gg at iz e , d a n N u s a n t a r a .

6 . P e n g h i j ru a m h a n l a k n M e l a y u D e u t r o i r p-ak ui r l a p a k d a a t a t k ah nu nb e1 r5 l a0 p u d i a K u m p u l a n i n i d i p e r c a y a i n d da it a e lga td a a n r i C dm a i ee m a. i hMi k Y ei u rt ne a a a d s n h n ra l a m k y a n g l e b i h m a j u d a r i p a od ta o K. u m p u l a n M e l a y u P r

7 . Z a m p e r a s tr K e p

amn e r e k a t a n ia n d a o n o m i. M u la u a n M

d i k e n a l s e b a g a i Z a m a n L o m a emm d a na tm a el ar t k ae m b u r u a n d a g b u e p r i p a d a b e s i . S e l a Di ne u t tu r ,o M p e n a dy au i d a l a m e bl ai d a n ag n d a n i a l p y r e r e k a eh pi d u p n d t ia ti d a n k e m b e ri a e b a r a n h a m p i r k e s e l u r u h i p a u d s n n y a e la y u .

8 . K e d a t a n gM a n l a y u D e u t r o m e n y e b a b k a n M en l d a u P e o kt a w b ae sr ap ni p e d a l a m e a y h k r o i a i t u d i k a w a s a n h u t a n d a n p e r g u e su un ag i a dn e. nH g aa l n i n mi e r se uk ka a y ba e rgp i -n d a h s n n r a n d a h . K u m p u l a n P M o e o a iyn u i l a h y a n g m e n j m d o i yn a en ne ep ka d a s u k u o r a n g A s r t l a k g s e p e rS t ei m a n g , J a k u n , S e s ne ob i a g aa i n y a . , d n

9 . K u m p u l a n M De e au y t u o h i d u p d i k a w a s a n da i n pt e r sd i s i n a sn e b a g a i n e l a y a n . l r a i a r p S e b a h a g i a n m e r e k a m e m b i n a p e t eh ma m ap t iar n n y a n g g ae nr s u n g a i d a n p a d e n b l e m b a h y a n g s u b u r . M e ar e k a ne rke a n p ae l r t a n i a n d a n m ien m t ba un rgu. n m j j b a

1 0 O. r a n g M e l a y u o D p e au n t d a i b e r m a s y ea r rea kk aa tb m r l a y a r k- p u p l a u a d i s e l u r u h r e e u l u K e p u l a u a n M e l a y u d a b e ar k h im n b y aa n g m e n j a d i b a n g s a M e l a y u d a n b a n g s n k e r a d a s e k a r a n g .

M

1 1 .S e l a i n G e l d e r n , t e r d a p a ot r ba e ag h lri a bp u a d a y a y a n g t u r u t b e r p e n do ar p a tg b a h nb e a n e l a y u b e r a s a l d a r iA k s ai a T e a n a h . A n te a k r aa tm re m a s u k l a h J . R . Lmo e m n b y aa nt gk a j i a w a s n g e r g a u b e r d a s a r k a n r e sd aa m s u k u b a n g s a A s i a . B e l i a u m e n d a p a t i b a h w a s a w u a t p e r s a m a a n a n t a r a a d a t r e s a m k a u m M e la y u d e n g a n a d a t r e s a m k a d a e r a h B u r m a (M y a n m a r ) . P e r s a m a a a n y a n g w u ju d in i m e n u n ju k k a m ea l y u m e m p u n y a i h u b u n g a n d e n g a n b a h a s a d i A s i a T e n g a h . R .M . C la r k ju g a m e m b u a t k a jia n A s ia m e r u p a k a n ta n a h

1 2 . A h -l a h l i b u d a y a l a i n , s e p ei er mi G na Kn i N t a . d d a n m e n g h a k iel k iamn p u l a n s s M e la y u .

te n t a sa l

b a h a w a d a ra ta n

1 3 H i p o t e s i s p e r t a dm i sa o ikn o i nt u ruou al te o h r a n g . g d M a la y s ia d a n S l ad ma re i t I m du ol j na e sa i a . n n

s a r ja n a

M

e l a y u , id a ai tr ui

A s

1 4 t id d a L a

A. s a h H a j i O m m a k b e r l a k u ss e g d r a t a n m e lin t a u t a n C h in a S e

a r b e r p e pn ed na gp ha it j r ba ah ha an w o a r a n d g a r a te a l a y Au s di a a rk i e N M n ka an l i m e r e k a t i d a k m e l a l u i l a l u a n y a n g s a m a . s i T a n a h S e m a e m a e n l a u l un i g L M u a t laa ny ysHa ainn, gd p d a a n ma de a d n j a i a i u l l la t a n .

1 5 S. l a m e t m a u p j ua l a m e m b u a t p be en r yd e a l s da ir k k a a n n n py e r b a n d i n g a n bt a h n r i a b a h a w a b a h a s a A s t i r d a l ea smi a n yy aa n t ge r m a s u k b a h a s a M e l a y u a d a d o n

1 6 . W a l a u b a m aa n a p u n , h i p o t e s i s p e r m a e n a m i nb i u l k a n i g t m i b er k a i t a n d e n g a n t a r i k h b e rpl a kn ug nh yi jar a h a n . T a r i k h p e D e u t r o a d a bl a h t e n t a n g a n d e n g a n k a j i a n a r k e o l o g i e r s a p i e n ts e l a h w u j u d d i K e p u l ae ul a y u s e j a k 0 0 t a h u n y ) M a n 0 3 5

p e l b aaggaui ak ne .r S a l a h s a t u n y a e n g h i j r a h a o t o d e an ygua n r M e l a y u n M e l P y a n g m e n u n j u k k( a no m o n u s i a m H m a a n g la lu .

1 7 . M a l a h a lka u d i t e l i t i d a r i w a r n ba a k ug lsi t , M e l a y u y a n g b e r k u l i t c o k l a t tl ian ng dg , n a M a l a y s i a , B r u I n e io, n e s i a , F i l i p i n a S e l a t a n S i n g a p u r a , m e m a n g b e r b e z a d a d T e n g a h , b a i k b a n g s a sCe i b e l a h t i m u r m a h bu ap nu g s a I n d i a d i s e b e l a h nb ga r ae t r k u n a d i n y a b M e r e k a b u k a n s a h a j a a b d a b i e w a r n a k u l i t , b e n at n g g do at n b a d a n t e t a p i j u g a d z e r r u k a b a h a sa d a n k e b u d a y a a n .

a le d ai tTa hn a, S l r ip a d a b lit c e r a h a r ip a d a

1 8 . S e l a i n i t u , b u k t i b e l i u n g b a ti u e yma n g a k a n o l ed he rGn e jl u g a m e r a g u k a a k. A n r it ib u k a n d k u k f n i s a h a j a d i t e m u i md iu r T e n g a h d a n N u s a n t a r a , t e t a p i j u g a d i A m e r i k a d a n E o p a h . A r T s e b e n a r n y a a d a p a d -am ma n a am a s y a r a k a t fp d ii ms e t l iu r u h d u n i a . A p a st e c a lraa g k e b e t u l a n a n r i a h i G e l d e r n m e m b u a t n ky aa j i b r e u l a d a r i A s i a T e n N au hs ak ne t a r a . S e k i r a n y a b e l i a u m e m u l a k a n m g d a r i N u ns ta a r a k e A s i a T e n g ua n g k i n b e l i a u a k a n m e n g h a s i l k a nn bk ae hs am pa u bl a n g s a A s i a m h , i w a T e n g a h ibt u r a s a l d a r i N u s a n t a r a . e

1 b A S

9 S. e rt u s e a h a s a s t r o n e ia m , M

n y a k a jia n b a T e n g ia a h . K a j i a d i A s s ia , b u k a n d a ia o , Y iu , d a n

hm a es n y j u g o t net ig d i sa ikbp ao h a w a b ab he ar a as a M l de al ar y p u a d a o k a s h s i n b a h a s a m e n u n ju k k a n b a h a w a b a h a s a r -i Tp i ab de at y ua m g p m n e lCa hh i i nr k ab n e tb , a h a s a C h i n a , r n u a B u r m a

KAWASAN NUSANTARA

1 . H i p o sti e i n s p e n g k a ji y a n r u m p y an n g m u G u in e a , d a n

i m e n o l a k p e n d a b p a a n t g bs a h Ma w laa y u b e r a s a l d a r i e g m eh ni pd oo t ke o s n s g i n i m e n g e m u k a k a n b e b e rh a a p s aa i b a e n u r u n k a n b a h a s ar a mn a e , l ta ey rum. A sn u t k l a h S u m M t e a y a a e F i l i p i n a .a P i amr ae n g e m k u k a k a n b e yb ae nr g pma e b n u j e tl a s j p e n g a k i

k ah w. a s ar n A s i a P a a tAe smt r po an t e as s aa , l i a i lr aa n, eJ a iwa ,a N e w s , k a n d a k w a a n

2 p b k

. B u k t i e y e lid ik n a h a w a h b a e p a d a b

pa em r ta d a p a t d i l i h a t d ak ra i p i a n ab a e g i s a d i k a w a s a n s e l a i tp a an d A s i a . H j d s h a a a n p e r b a b n a d h i n s aa ny a n g d i l a k u k a n o l e h b e b e r a