lecture note etika kejuruteraan #5

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engineering ethics notes

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  • copy right reserved by Ir. Abdul Talib Din

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

    RESPONSIBLE ENGINEER

    Concept of Responsibility

    - Responsibility is attributed to person in both law and morality

    Responsibility can be categorized as follow:-

    Intentionally causing harm

    Negligently causing harm

    Recklessly causing harm

    Strict liability in law legalized monetary compensation or some kind of damage repair in some area of law.

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    Responsibility Views

    Minimalist

    Resonable Care

    Good works

    Minimalist View

    Do minimal responsibility or scope of work. Conform duty only up to the standard operating procedure and fullfil only the basic duties

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Disadvantage of Minimalist view:

    1. Define responsibility in term of exclusivity (e.g. its his job not mine)

    2. Linked with the idea of individual fault or blame

    3. Avoidant of blame or staying out of trouble

    4. Provide problem solving assistance when there is problem, not anticipating problem and provide preventive measures

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Reasonable Care

    Move beyond minimalist view concern

    More directly concerned with the risk of being harmed or trying to prevent them from getting harmed

    Very close related to code of professional conduct no 1

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Good Works

    Above and beyond the call of duty

    example 1: A statistician agrees to help analyzing data fro the sake of safety of the public and said: Analyzing data just for money doesnt mean anything to me. I want it to do some good.

    example 2: A design engineer works extra hours to check safety of window washing crane even though the design and the safety aspect of it is already very safe and said: I have to do the best I can and thats usually inadequate.

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Virtues For Engineers

    Virtues for engineers besides honesty, fair-minded, reliable, integrity, go beyond basic duty, such as benevolence, perseverance, spiritedness, compassion, kindness and generosity are associated with the good works criteria which upgrade the level of quality of Good works category

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Impediments of Responsibility

    Self Interests : egoism or self centered Fear : fear making mistake, punishment Self-Deception : intentionally avoid to know Ignorance : unintentionally avoid to know Egocentric Tendencies : a special form of ignorance,

    very narrow perpective

    Microscospic vision too focus until other perspective of responsibility is overlooked

    Uncritical Acceptance of Authority- tend to agree with authority even though they are wrong

    Group Thninking tends to make the member of group feel invincible, better idea with more head, to maintain solidarity tend to practice uncritical thinking

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Symptoms of GroupThinking:- An illusion of invulnerability of the group to fail A strong we Feeling the view of outsiders as

    adversaries or enemies and thus encourage shared stereotypes of others.

    Rationalizations that tend to shift responsibility to others.

    An illusion of morality that assumes the inherent morality of the group and thereby discourages careful examination of the moral implications of what the group is doing

    A tendency of individual members towards self-censorship , resulting from a desire not to rock-the-boat

    An illusion of unanimity, construing silence of group member as consent

    Direct pressure to those disagree by the group leader Mind-guarding, protecting the group from dissenting

    views by preventing their introduction to the outsiders who has co has contrary views.

    ENGINEERING ETHICS

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    Bangunan berdinding kotak?

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    TekaMana dulu siap, rumah atau tiang letrik?

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    Group Works could also be cruel and devastating

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    Didikan awal ke arah gangterism

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    Malaysia negara ku bersih dan membangunuwekkkk

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    Salah tafsir agama penyebab extremism

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    Quiz 1

    How many category of responsibility and why the highest level of responsibility is

    lacking in an engineer

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    Quiz 2

    You are not satisfied as you are paid very low as a production engineer in a

    factory. Is it wrong for you to adopt a minimalist view concept in order to suit

    your salary with your scope of responsibility?

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    Quiz 3

    Group works is good to teach us how to work cooperatively in a team, but what is the effect of group thinking onto the

    credibility of the decision made. Therefore is it good to work as a team?