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1 Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia Jenifer Lasimbang Volunteer & Resource Person- PACOS Trust ( www.sabah.net.my/pacos ) Community-based volunteer organization in Sabah Lecturer - School of Engineering and IT Universiti Malaysia Sabah A typical mother and child scene Photo: Adrian Lasimbang An Introduction to Indigenous Peoples of Sabah, Malaysia

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Jenifer Lasimbang

Volunteer & Resource Person- PACOS Trust (www.sabah.net.my/pacos)

Community-based volunteer organization in Sabah

Lecturer - School of Engineering and ITUniversiti Malaysia Sabah

A typical mother and child scene Photo: Adrian Lasimbang

An Introduction to Indigenous Peoples of Sabah, Malaysia

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Source: http://www.worldswitch.com/Countries/Malaysia/images/MalaysiaM.jpg

http://amf.pocketmovies.net/about/images/Malaysia_map.gif

where is Sabah, Malaysia?

In Southeast Asia2nd largest of the 13 states in

Malaysia

occupies the northern portion of the

island of Borneo, the 3rd largest island in the world

Bound by the South China Sea on the

west and the Sulu and Celebes (Sulawesi) seas on the east

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

indigenous peoples of Sabah, Malaysia

a pre-school child sleeping peacefully on a hammock

a young boy looking out from his bamboo house

Photos: Jenifer Lasimbang

MAJOR ETHNIC GROUP• DUSUN, MURUT, PAITANIC, BAJAU, MALAYIC• 60% OF POP. OF ABOUT 2.6 Million• 70% RESIDES IN RURAL AREAS• SUBSISTENCE FARMERS

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Inside of a long house

Weaving tapestryPhotos: Jannie Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Traditional systems of indigenous peoples of Sabah

Belief System

Social System

Cultural System

Educational System

Health System

Political and Administrative System

Judicial System

Economic System

Resource Management System

Agricultural System

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Belief system

A bobohizan (priestess)

A bobohizan performing an oath ritual on a big stone

Photos: PACOS Trust

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Social system

Photo: Jannie Lasimbang

During any gatherings, it is common

for each family or member of the

community to bring and share

their food and drinks with others.

Among the Kadazandusun

community, this is referred to as

mizungu’ (potluck)

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Cultural system

Photo: Adrian Lasimbang

The concept of respect for others,

humility, tolerance, self-reliance,

service and mitabang (labour-

sharing or communal work)

stems out from deep appreciation

of the cultural integrity of a

community

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Educational System

A little boy encourage to learn a musical instrument - kulintanganPhoto: Jannie Lasimbang

Working on paddy fieldsPhoto: Jannie Lasimbang

Concept:Concept: Children are free to follow their grandparents, parents or other members of the community to any activities in the village

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Resource Management System

Photos: PACOS Trust

Principles:Principles:Indigenous communities understand that there is a limit to what can be extracted from the natural environment and that they are only custodians of God’s gift

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Agricultural system

Photos: Jannie Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Issues faced by indigenous peoples

Loss of land and user rights to other land

Threatened source of livelihood (forest and rivers)

Integrity of adat or traditional belief system at stake

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

PACOS’ WORK AMONG INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES IN SABAH,

MALAYASIA

• Location & People

• Issues Faced by Communities

• Aim and Strategies of PACOS

• Programs of PACOS

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

PROJECT SITES

25 AREAS

12 DISTRICTS

POPULATION: 500 FAMILIES

ETHNIC GROUP:

KADAZANDUSUN, MURUT, RUNGUS & SUNGAI

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Vision To create a peaceful and united indigenous communities equipped with knowledge and

skills to manage resources and opportunities to support a comfortable life

MissionTo raise the overall quality of life of indigenous communities

Aim 3 Strengthen positive

values, cultures, language and belief systems

Aim 2Strengthen indigenous

knowledge related to resource management

Aim 1 Obtain Native Customary

Land titles and secure user rights to other land

Strategy Human resource development and building of people’s organization to raise indigenous

peoples capacity to manage livelihood issues

Land Campaign

Community Education

CO Training Socio-Economy

Adat & Culture

Community Research

PACOS’ AIM & STRATEGIES

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

COMMUNITY ORGANIZING TRAINING

2 YEARS TRAINING (THEORY & PRACTICAL)

TRAINEE FROM SELECTED MEMBER OF COMMUNITY

TO BUILD AND ENHANCE CAPACITY OF COMMUNITY ORGANISATIONS TO HANDLE ISSUES AFFECTING THEM

CURICULUM FOCUS ON COMMUNITY-BASED INTEGRATED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

90 PARTICIPANTS BENEFITED FROM THIS TRAINING SINCE 1989

ESTABLISHED 15 PEOPLE’S ORGANISATION

CURRENTLY TRAINING SEVENTH BATCH OF 15 TRAINEES (COT-7)

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

CUSTOMARY LAND CAMPAIGN

SOUGHT LAWYERS HELP

FILED PETITION IN COURT

SOUGHT PRESS SUPPORT

PEACEFUL DEMONSTRATION

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

PROTECT AND REPLANT WATERSHED AREAS

PROVIDE GRAVITY-FEED WATER SUPPLY

MANAGE FISH RESOURCE

TRAINING FOCUSED ON COMMUNITY-BASED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS (Use and Protect)

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

MANAGEMENT OF FOREST RESOURCE AND ESTABLISHMENT OF HERBAL GARDENS

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENTCOMMUNITY RESOURCE MAPPING TRAINING

DETERMINE LAND AND RESOURCE BOUNDARIES

WATERSHED BOUNDARIES

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTFORMED VILLAGE SOCIO-ECONOMIC GROUPS

CURRENTLY 20 VSEG

ESTABLISHED VILLAGE SUNDRY SHOPS

ESTABLISHED MARKETING NETWORK AMONG THE VSEG

ORGANISE YEARLY SE MEETING AND WORKSHOPS

ORGANISE YEARLY VILLAGE PRODUCT FAIR

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTTRAINING FOCUSED ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE (Chemical free farming) and GREEN ECONOMY (e.g. Ecotourism)

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

ADAT AND CULTURE

ORGANISE YEARLY CULTURAL MEETING

ORGANISE YEARLY CELEBRATION OF IP DAY

SEMINAR AND WORKSHOP ON ADAT

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

ESTABLISHED 13 PRE-SCHOOL CENTRES SINCE 1993

PRE-SCHOOL CENTRES MANAGED BY PRE-SCHOOL VILLAGE COMMITTEE

CURICULUM FOCUSED ON USAGE OF LOCAL LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

COMMUNITY EARLY CHILD CARE & DEVELOPMENT

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

ONE WEEK BASIC ECCD TRAINING

6-12 MONTHS PRACTICAL TRAINING AT ECCD CENTRE

ON-SITE TRAINING AND MONITORING

COMMUNITY EARLY CHILD CARE & DEVELOPMENT

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

COMMUNITY EARLY CHILD CARE & DEVELOPMENT

PRODUCE SUITABLE TEACHING MATERIALS

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

COMMUNITY RESEARCH & INFORMATIONRESEARCH, DOCUMENTATION AND PUBLICATIONS

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

OTHER ACTIVITIES

IP Self Governance Workshop

Wildlife Management

Integrated Watershed Management

AD-HOC TRAINING FOR GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

HOST TO CONFERENCES

BUILD NETWORK AND SUPPORT FOR OTHER IP ORGANISATIONS

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

introduction – some highlights1) Worked closely with PACOS last 10 years

• Provide assistance for organization’s ICT needs• Continuous training for volunteers/Community Organisers/field staff and admin/finance staff• Built and maintain organization’s website • Consultation - ICT related activity planning and implementation

2) Case Study/Experiment: Terian Community

• ICT awareness for the community• Conducted training sessions• Sourced laptop and a printer• Follow up training and other related activities

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Photos: Adrian Lasimbang

Indigenous Peoples’ Experiments with ICT in Sabah, Malaysia Pilot project : introducing ICT to indigenous peoples of Terian

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Daily activities

An old lady putting finishing touch on her basketPhoto: Jenifer Lasimbang

Part of life – carrying fire woods in their basketsPhoto: Jenifer Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

community discussions

Discussions held with communities involved in the pilot

project, namely, the Nampasan and Terian communities

Women and children participating in a discussionPhoto: Doreen Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

acquire resources

Seek donations from individuals, organizations, and government for the

community

(Pictures taken during the presentation of the printer and the laptop that were donated to the Terian community)

Source: Adrian Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

appropriate resources

provide sustainable technology

for the community

e.g., solar-powered computer systems for communities without

electricity

Setting up solar-system components for testing

Photo: Jannie Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

trained local technology champions

Photo: Jenifer Lasimbang

Trained the local champions in the basic maintenance of the solar-

powered computer system

Adrian’s sketch of the system’s components

Adrian explaining how the system works

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

Network of volunteers

Volunteers taking a break from the journey to the remote village of Terian

Photo: Jenifer Lasimbang

University student volunteers conducting training at the Terian primary school

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

conducted training sessions

Conducted all training sessions

in the local language

Computer terms in the

indigenous language were

created with the help of the community members

(Picture: A sample teaching aid for the training sessions)Source: Jenifer Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

issues and challenges

Motivation for.. the WILL NOTS … for the CAN NOTS

Awareness….for the KNOW NOTS

N e

t w o

r

k

…. for the HAVE NOTSRNTC

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

lesson learned

Heart of the project is heart of the people

Community of Terian – from all walks of life, most people are looking at a computer for the first time in their life Photo: Doreen Lasimbang

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

lesson learned

Experiment involved remote and rural indigenous communities

• Build trust with and within communities

• Enthusiasm from local champions ensure continued progress

• Difficult for communities to initiate efforts – they need help

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

project significance

• Takes a lot to reach out to them – but they are there waiting for IT to be put into their hands …

Idea 1: establish regional network of IP ICT volunteers

Idea 2: establish guideline what & how to document

• ICT is the tool to create and disseminated indigenous contents, documentation of an indigenous culture and knowledge is part of preserving its identity but ….

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Indigenous Peoples Experimentation of ICT in Sabah, Malaysia

A beautiful scene of the Crocker Range just before sunset

Kotohuadan

Thank you

e-buayan – to

replicate success of e-bario, 2

years to deploy, a

lifetime to change …

[email protected]