ii.falsafah sains & teknologi

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Prof Madya Dr. Hj. Su‘aidi Dato’ Hj. Safei “ “ Scientia Scientia ” ” “ “ Science Science ” ”    “Tekne” (Latin) bermaksud kemahiran/ skill/ art  “Logos” bermaksud wacana/ kata sistematis (ilmu) • "Cara yg digunakan manusia dalam mengaplikasi pengetahuan & kemahiran utk mencapai / memenuhi matlamat & tujuan tertentu“ • Pembangunan & penggunaan alatan, gadget, mesin, bahan & proses utk menyelesaikan masalah manusia

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  • Prof Madya

    Dr. Hj. Suaidi

    Dato

    Hj. Safei

  • MenurutMenurut

    Prof. Dr Prof. Dr OsmanOsman

    BakarBakar

    ilmuilmu

    sebagaisebagai

    asasasas TamadunTamadun. .

    TanpaTanpa

    ilmuilmu

    pengetahuanpengetahuan, , manusiamanusia

    tidaktidak

    dapatdapat membangunkanmembangunkan

    tamaduntamadun, , ilmuilmu

    ialahialah

    rukunrukun

    utamautama

    pembangunanpembangunan

    tamaduntamadun

    insaninsan

    yang yang sihatsihat. .

    JatuhJatuh

    bangunbangun

    sesuatusesuatu

    tamaduntamadun

    banyakbanyak

    berpuncaberpunca

    daripadadaripada faktorfaktor

    ilmuilmu

    yang yang terdapatterdapat

    dalamdalam

    tamaduntamadun

    tersebuttersebut..

  • SebagaimanaSebagaimana

    yang yang diperjelaskandiperjelaskan

    oleholeh

    kebanyakankebanyakan

    sarjanasarjana bahawabahawa

    sainssains

    ituitu

    sebenarnyasebenarnya

    berakarberakar

    umbiumbi

    daripadadaripada

    ilmuilmu

    falsafahfalsafah, , begitubegitu

    dengandengan

    dengandengan

    S.HS.H

    Nasr di mana Nasr di mana dalamdalam memperbincangkanmemperbincangkan

    berkaitanberkaitan

    dengandengan

    sainssains

    dalamdalam

    peradabanperadaban

    Islam Islam beliaubeliau

    jugajuga

    telahtelah

    mengemukakanmengemukakan

    pandanganpandangan

    beliaubeliau mengenaimengenai

    aktvitiaktviti

    ilmuilmu

    falsafahfalsafah

    di di kalangankalangan

    umatumat

    Islam abad 3 Islam abad 3

    HijrahHijrah

    / 9 / 9 MesehiMesehi. . BerdasarkanBerdasarkan

    kepadakepada

    aktivitiaktiviti penterjemahanpenterjemahan

    ilmuilmu

    falsafahfalsafah

    YunaniYunani

    dikatakandikatakan

    ilmuilmu

    falsafahfalsafah

    Islam Islam kemudiannyakemudiannya

    menjadimenjadi

    hebathebat

    dan dan mendapatmendapat

    perhatianperhatian masyarakatmasyarakat

  • SainsSains

    menjadimenjadi

    satusatu

    topiktopik

    perbincanganperbincangan

    ygyg

    pentingpenting, , berkuasaberkuasa & & bernilaibernilai

    KejayaannyaKejayaannya

    ygyg

    besarbesar, , telahtelah

    membawamembawa

    sainssains

    terlibatterlibat

    didi

    dalamdalam bidangbidang

    politikpolitik, , sptspt

    keputusankeputusan

    ygyg

    utamautama

    dlmdlm

    apaapa

    juajua

    dasardasar

    negaranegara

    IaIa

    seolahseolah--olaholah

    menjadimenjadi

    bahanbahan

    ygyg

    dipersoalkandipersoalkan

    oleholeh

    org org ramairamai

    & & dasardasar

    ygyg

    berkaitanberkaitan

    dgndgn

    sainssains

    sekarangsekarang

    iniini

    mulamula dibincangkandibincangkan

    secarasecara

    terbukaterbuka

    terutamanyaterutamanya

    bagaimanabagaimana

    utkutk

    membezakanmembezakan

    sifatsifat

    semulajadisemulajadi

    sainssains

    ygyg

    perluperlu

    difahamidifahami

    supayasupaya iaia

    berbezaberbeza

    daridari

    aktivitiaktiviti--aktivitiaktiviti

    lain.lain.

  • SardarSardar

    berpendapatberpendapat

    sainssains

    baratbarat

    adalahadalah

    sesuatusesuatu

    ygyg

    bersifatbersifat rasionalrasional

    berbandingberbanding

    dgndgn

    pandanganpandangan

    sainssains

    menurutmenurut

    Islam. Islam.

    SainsSains

    Islam Islam menyatukanmenyatukan

    antaraantara

    sainssains

    & & sesuatusesuatu

    ygyg

    bersifatbersifat objektifobjektif, , kemudiannyakemudiannya

    diselaraskandiselaraskan

    dengandengan

    pandanganpandangan

    Islam.Islam.

    Ia merangkumi segala bidang penyelidikan, pembangunan Ia merangkumi segala bidang penyelidikan, pembangunan mahupun nilaimahupun nilai--nilai etika ketika melaksanakan amalan sains.nilai etika ketika melaksanakan amalan sains.

    Sains barat dikatakan bermula dgn idea sains rasional, di Sains barat dikatakan bermula dgn idea sains rasional, di mana ianya dimaksudkan bahawa segala aktiviti sains itu mana ianya dimaksudkan bahawa segala aktiviti sains itu bersifat benar dan dengan keadaan kebenaran aktiviti itulah bersifat benar dan dengan keadaan kebenaran aktiviti itulah maka sains menurut barat terlalu unggul & mengiktiraf sains maka sains menurut barat terlalu unggul & mengiktiraf sains itu terlalu istimewa & berkedudukan tinggi.itu terlalu istimewa & berkedudukan tinggi.

  • ScientiaScientiaScienceScience

    SainsSains

    adalahadalah

    sekumpulansekumpulan

    ilmuilmu

    ygyg

    tersusuntersusun

    & & sistematiksistematik

    berkaitanberkaitan

    kajiankajian

    fenomenafenomena

    alamalam

    tabietabie/nature /nature ygyg

    bernyawabernyawa

    & & tidaktidak

    bernyawabernyawa

    dgndgn kaedahkaedah

    ygyg

    objektifobjektif

    melaluimelalui

    kajiankajian

    eksperimeneksperimen

    & &

    cerapancerapan

    utkutk

    menghasilkanmenghasilkan

    prinsipprinsip

    ygyg

    bolehboleh dipercayaidipercayai

    sertaserta

    bolehboleh

    diujidiuji

    kebenarannyakebenarannya" "

    ((Dr.SulaimanDr.Sulaiman

    NordinNordin))

  • Tekne (Latin) bermaksud

    kemahiran/ skill/ art

    Logos bermaksud

    wacana/ kata

    sistematis

    (ilmu)

    "Cara yg

    digunakan

    manusia

    dalam

    mengaplikasi pengetahuan

    & kemahiran

    utk

    mencapai

    / memenuhi

    matlamat

    & tujuan

    tertentu Pembangunan & penggunaan

    alatan, gadget, mesin, bahan

    & proses

    utk

    menyelesaikan

    masalah

    manusia

  • FalsafahFalsafahTabieTabie/Nature/Nature

    SainsSains

    TeknologiTeknologi

    FalsafahFalsafah TabieTabie & & SainsSains: : AktivitiAktiviti

    intelektualintelektual

    FalsafahFalsafah TeknologiTeknologi: : AktivitiAktiviti

    praktikalpraktikal

  • Science: Science: DalamDalam

    masyarakatmasyarakat

    Barat Barat hinggahingga

    kinikini

    tidaktidak

    adaada

    takriftakrif yang yang disepakatidisepakati. .

    Definitions:Definitions:

    i. systematic observation of natural events and conditions in ori. systematic observation of natural events and conditions in order der to discover facts about them & to formulate laws & principles bato discover facts about them & to formulate laws & principles based sed on these facts. on these facts.

    ii. organized body of knowledge that is derived from such ii. organized body of knowledge that is derived from such observations & that can be verified or tested by further observations & that can be verified or tested by further investigation. investigation.

    iii. any specific branch of this general body of knowledge, suchiii. any specific branch of this general body of knowledge, such

    as as biology, physics, geology, or astronomy. biology, physics, geology, or astronomy.

    ((Academic Press Dictionary of Science & TechnologyAcademic Press Dictionary of Science & Technology))

  • DalamDalam

    kebingungankebingungan

    inilahinilah

    merekamereka menyimpulkanmenyimpulkan::

    So what does all this mean?So what does all this mean?

    It means that science does not presently, and It means that science does not presently, and probably never canprobably never can, give statements of , give statements of absolute eternal truth absolute eternal truth --

    it only provides it only provides

    theories. We know that those theories will theories. We know that those theories will probably be refined in the future, and some of probably be refined in the future, and some of them may even be discarded in favour of them may even be discarded in favour of theories that make more sense in light of data theories that make more sense in light of data generated by future scientists. generated by future scientists. However, our However, our present theories are our best available present theories are our best available explanations of the world.explanations of the world.

    They explain, and They explain, and

    have been tested against, a vast amount of have been tested against, a vast amount of information. information.

  • ??

    However, our present theories are our best However, our present theories are our best available explanations of the world.available explanations of the world.

    The other option, is to accept traditional The other option, is to accept traditional understandings of the natural worldunderstandings of the natural world((Few Few modern people will accept traditional modern people will accept traditional lifestyles from centuries or millennia ago lifestyles from centuries or millennia ago --

    travelling in carts pulled by draft animals, travelling in carts pulled by draft animals, cooking over open fires, herding sheep and cooking over open fires, herding sheep and cattle, sleeping in poorly heated huts, and cattle, sleeping in poorly heated huts, and watching their children die of smallpox or watching their children die of smallpox or polio. The advantages of a modern lifestyle polio. The advantages of a modern lifestyle are too great for most of us to pass up). are too great for most of us to pass up).

  • SainsSains

    ((ilmuilmu

    teoritikalteor

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