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English Poetry 2 RACIAL DISCRIMINATION REFLECTED IN KU KLUX BY LANGSTON HUGHES a presentation by Megalistha Pratiwi Irene Heni Atikah Rahmawati Clara Ariski

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  • Engl ish Poetry 2

    RACIAL D ISCR IMINAT ION REFLECTEDIN KU KLUX BY LANGSTON HUGHES

    a presentat ionby

    Megalistha Prat iwiIrene Heni

    At ikah RahmawatiClara Ar isk i

  • ABSTRACT

    Makalah ini merupakan analisis diskriminasi ras yang terkandungdalam Ku Klux karya Langston Hughes. Fokus pembahasan dalammakalah ini ialah pencitraan, eufinisme, ironi, dan pemaparan tentangdiskriminasi ras. Metode yang digunakan adalah tekstual dan closereading. Melalui analisis unsur-unsur intrinsik dalam makalah ini,pembaca dapat memahami diskriminasi ras yang terdapat dalam puisiKu Klux.Kata kunci: eufinisme, ironi, pencitraan, diskriminasi ras, Ku Klux

  • Poetry is a literary work that conveys meaning

    beyond the words and can be understood with sense

    of feeling. While in poetry analysis, we will find out

    the poet's intention in writing the poem in critical

    way. The writer uses the poem Ku Klux by Langston

    Hughes to be analyzed. The poem mainly contains

    imagery, euphemism and irony.

    BACKGROUNDOF THE STUDY

  • PURPOSE OF THESTUDY

    To analyze the use of imagery in the poem.

    To analyze the use of euphemism in the

    poem.

    To analyze the use of irony in the poem.

    To analyze race discrimination in the poem.

  • T h e s c o p e o f t h i s s t u d y i s t o a n a l y z et h e i n t r i n s i c e l e m e n t s i n K u K l u x b yL a n g t o n H u g h e s w h i c h a r e i m a g e r y ,e u p h e m i s m , a n d i r o n y . T h e t y p e s o fi m a g e r y a r e a u d i t o r y k i n e s t h e t h i c a n dv i s u a l . F o r t h e e x t r i n s i c e l e m e n t s ,t h e w r i t e r w i l l a n a l y z e d i s c r i m i n a t i o no f r a c e i n t h i s p o e m .

    SCOPE OF THESTUDY

  • Born in Joplin, Missouri, in

    1902.

    His first published well-

    known poem called "The

    Negro Speaks of Rivers"

    Received the First Prize for

    Poetry of the magazine

    Opportunity, Guggenheim

    Fellowship, a Rosenwald

    Fellowship.

    Died in 1967.

    BACKGROUND OFTHE POET

  • KU KLUX- They took me outTo some lonesome place.They said, "Do you believeIn the great white race?"I said, "Mister,To tell you the truth,I'd believe in anythingIf you'd just turn me loose."

    The white man said, "Boy,Can it beYou're a-standin' thereA-sassin' me?"

    They hit me in the headAnd knocked me down.And then they kicked meOn the ground.

    A klansman said, "Nigger,Look me in the face ---And tell me you believe inThe great white race."

  • L I T E R A R Y R E V I E W : I n t r i n s i c E l e m e n t

    Imagery

    Use particular words to create sensations that can be received by

    senses.There are 7 types of imagery: visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory,

    tactile, organic and kinesthetic. From seven imageries that are mentioned

    above, the writer will only discuss three kinds of imagery. Kinesthethic

    imagery describe sense of movement or tension. Visual imagery describe

    thing that can be seen by our sense of sight. Auditory imagery is a sound

    made from an action and percieved through sense of hearing.

    Euphemism

    Euphenism is a figure of speech in which use indirect statement to avoid

    bluntness.

    Irony

    Irony is a figure of speech that express the opposite meaning of the actual

    intent.

  • L I T E R A R Y R E V I E W : E x t r i n s i c E l e m e n t

    Discrimination

    Definition : Discrimination, which consists of treating people

    differently from others based primarily on membership in a social

    group.

    Divided into interpersonal, organizational, and cultural

    discrimination. Racial discrimination comes from cultural

    discrimination.

  • LITERARY REVIEW:EXTRINSIC ELEMENT

    Definition : Ku Klux Klan is a secretorganization in the United States,

    especially associated with the south.The original clan was formed to

    maintain white supremacy in theSouth after the Civil War

    Brief explanation :It was initiated in order to resist

    political and economic equality forblacks. Their activity includes

    kidnapping, torturing, lynching, andkilling colored people flourished in

    the South where blacks wereminority.

    KU KLUX KLAN (KKK)

  • V i s u a l I m a g e r yT o s o m e l o n e s o m e p l a c e .T h e y s a i d , " D o y o u b e l i e v eI n t h e g r e a t w h i t e r a c e ? " ( l i n e 2 - 4 , f i r s t s t a n z a )

    K i n e s t h e t i c I m a g e r yT h e y t o o k m e o u t ( l i n e 1 , f i r s t s t a n z a )T h e y h i t m e i n t h e h e a dA n d k n o c k e d m e d o w n .A n d t h e n t h e y k i c k e d m e ( l i n e 1 - 3 , t h i r d s t a n z a )

    A u d i t o r y I m a g e r yT h e y s a i d , " D o y o u b e l i e v eI n t h e g r e a t w h i t e r a c e ? " ( l i n e 3 - 4 , f i r s t s t a n z a )

    DISCUSSIONIntrinsic Element

  • E u p h e n i s mT h e y h i t m e i n t h e h e a dA n d k n o c k e d m e d o w n .A n d t h e n t h e y k i c k e d m eO n t h e g r o u n d . ( l i n e 1 - 4 , t h i r d s t a n z a )

    I r o n yI s a i d , " M i s t e r ,T o t e l l y o u t h e t r u t h ,I ' d b e l i e v e i n a n y t h i n gI f y o u ' d j u s t t u r n m e l o o s e . " ( l i n e 5 - 8 ,f i r s t s t a n z a )

    DISCUSSIONIntrinsic Element

  • DISCUSSION Extrinsic Element

    Oppression from Ku Klux Klan

    In this poem, the character that mentioned were Klansman and

    Nigger. Klansman , as the subject of oppresion, indicates the member

    of Ku Klux Klan. Nigger, as the object of oppresion, is a nickname to

    derogate black people. The klansman feel that his race is superior than

    the nigger because he refers himself as great white race. From this

    indication it can be concluded that this poem contains racial

    discrimination against black people by Ku Klux Klan.

  • Do you believe in the great white race indicates the oppression towards

    the object to believe their greatness. Irony which existed in this poem

    expressed in the usage of Mister from the nigger to call the klansman.

    In the last line of first stanza, the nigger said:

    Mister, To tell you the truth,

    I'd believe in anything

    If you'd just turn me loose."

    Second stanza has connection with that statement whereas the white

    man respond and he realize that the nigger is mocking at him.

    Boy,

    Can it be You're a-standin' there

    A-sassin' me?"

  • Euphenism in third stanza shows the abusing process in this poem

    seemed light. It is only mentioned as hit, knock, and kick. It does not

    correspond with the fact that their oppression was much severe and

    sometimes led to murder.

    While in fourth stanza, Do you believe in the great white race becomes a

    coercion after the abuse.

  • CONCLUSION

    From the analysis of Ku Klux, it can be concluded racial

    discrimination from Ku Klux Klan is easier to understand by the

    reader through intrinsic and extrinsic elements. The reader can

    also understand the victims emotion and experience in the

    imagery, fight that reflected in the irony, and physical abuse in the

    euphenism. Each element describe the situation and tension in a

    racial oppression, therefore the reader can feel empathy toward

    coloured people.