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  • ii

    DAFTAR ISI

    KATA PENGANTAR ................................................................................................... i

    DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................................. ii

    DAFTAR TABEL ...................................................................................................... .vi

    DAFTAR GAMBAR ..................................................................................................... vii

    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ................................................................................................. x

    BAB I PENDAHULUAN. ............................................................................................. 1

    1.1 Latar Belakang ..................................................................................................... 1

    1.2 Identifikasi Masalah ............................................................................................. 3

    1.3 Rumusan Masalah ................................................................................................ 3

    1.4 Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................................................. 3

    1.5 Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................................................... 3

    1.6 Ruang Lingkup .................................................................................................... 4

    1.6.1 Ruang Lingkup Wilayah ........................................................................... 4

    1.6.2 Ruang Lingkup Materi .............................................................................. 4

    1.7 Kerangka Pemikiran ............................................................................................. 5

    1.8 Sistematika Pembahasan ...................................................................................... 7

    BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA................................................................................ ....... 8

    2.1 Pembangunan Wilayah......................................................................................... 8

    2.2 Perbatasan ............................................................................................................ 8

    2.2.1 Pengertian Perbatasan ............................................................................... 9

    2.2.2 Karakteristik Kawasan Perbatasan ............................................................ 10

    2.2.3 Tipologi Perbatasan .................................................................................. 11

    2.2.4 Hubungan di Kawasan Perbatasan ............................................................ 12

    2.3 Kebijakan Pengembangan Perbatasan .................................................................. 13

    2.3.1 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam Perspektif Undang-undang

    Nomor 26 Tahun 2007 tentang Penataan Ruang ........................................ 14

    2.3.2 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam Perspektif Undang-undang Nomor 17

    Tahun 2007 tentang RPJP Nasional .......................................................... 14

    2.3.3 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam Perspektif Undang-undang

    Nomor 43 Tahun 2008 tentang Wilayah Negara........................................ 14

  • iii

    2.3.4 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam Perspektif Peraturan Presiden

    Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2010 tentang RPJMN

    Tahun 2010-2014...................................................................................... 15

    2.3.5 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam Perspektif Peraturan Pemerintah

    Nomor 26 Tahun 2008 tentang RTRWN ................................................... 15

    2.3.6 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam Perspektif Grand Design Pengelolaan

    Batas Wilayah Negara dan Kawasan Perbatasan di Indonesia

    Tahun 2011-2025 (BNPP) ........................................................................ 17

    2.3.7 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam RTR Kawasan Perbatasan Darat

    Papua-PNG Tahun 2006 ........................................................................... 18

    2.3.8 Kawasan Perbatasan dalam RTRW Provinsi Papua Tahun 2010-2030 ...... 19

    2.4 Pengembangan Perbatasan ................................................................................... 19

    2.5 Agropolitan sebagai Alternatif Pengembangan Perbatasan ................................... 21

    2.5.1 Pengertian Agropolitan ............................................................................. 21

    2.5.2 Kriteria Agropolitan ................................................................................. 21

    2.5.3 Persyaratan Agropolitan............................................................................ 22

    2.5.4 Identifikasi Komoditas Unggulan.............................................................. 23

    2.6 Konsep Pengembangan Agropolitan..................................................................... 24

    2.7 Tinjauan Penelitian Terdahulu.............................................................................. 25

    BAB III METODE PENELITIAN ............................................................................... 29

    3.1 Diagram Alir........................................................................................................ .... 29

    3.2 Definisi Operasional dan Variabel Penelitian ....................................................... 30

    3.2.1 Definisi Operasional ............................................................................................ 30

    3.2.2 Variabel Penelitian ............................................................................................... 31

    3.3 Metode Pengumpulan Data .................................................................................. 33

    3.3.1 Survei Primer ....................................................................................................... 33

    3.3.2 Survei Sekunder ................................................................................................... 34

    3.3 Metode Penarikan Sampel .................................................................................... 35

    3.4 Metode Analisis ................................................................................................... 37

    3.4.1 Analisis Kemampuan Lahan ..................................................................... 37

    3.4.2. Analisis Ketersediaan Lahan ............................................................................... 39

    3.4.3 Analisis Pusat Pertumbuhan Wilayah (Skalogram) ................................... 40

    3.4.4 Analisis Interaksi Perbatasan .................................................................... 41

  • iv

    3.4.5 Analisis Kelembagaan (Diagram Venn) .................................................... 41

    3.4.6 Analisis Keamanan ................................................................................... 41

    3.4.7 Analisis Penentuan Komoditas Unggulan (LQ dan Growth Share) ............ 47

    3.4.8 Analisis Linkage System Agribisnis .......................................................... 45

    3.4.9 Analisis Aksesibilitas................................................................................ 45

    3.4.10 Analisis Integrasi AHP SWOT ................................................................. 47

    3.4.5 Desain Survei ....................................................................................................... 50

    3.4.6 Kerangka Analisis ................................................................................................ 55

    BAB IV PEMBAHASAN .............................................................................................. 56

    4.1 Gambaran Umum Perbatasan RI-PNG Distrik Muara Tami Kota Jayapura .......... 56

    4.1.1 Luas Wilayah............................................................................................ 56

    4.1.2 Sarana dan Prasarana Wilayah .................................................................. 57

    4.2 Tinjauan Arah Pengembangan Perbatasan RI-PNG Distrik Muara Tami Kota

    Jayapura ............................................................................................................... 66

    4.2.1 Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Jayapura Tahun 2007-2027 ........................ 66

    4.2.2 Rencana Detail Tata Ruang Distrik Muara Tami Tahun 2008-2028........... 71

    4.2.3 Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah (RPJMD) Kota

    Jayapura Tahun 2012-2016 ....................................................................... 74

    4.3 Analisis Penerapan Konsep Agropolitan Perbatasan RI-PNG Distrik Muara

    Tami Kota Jayapura ............................................................................................. 74

    4.3.1 Analisis Aspek Fisik ................................................................................. 75

    4.3.1.1 Analisis Kemampuan Lahan ........................................................ 75

    4.3.1.2 Analisis Ketersediaan Lahan ....................................................... 78

    4.3.1.3 Analisis Pusat Pertumbuhan ........................................................ 89

    4.3.2 Analisis Aspek Sosial ............................................................................... 91

    4.3.3 Anal

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