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Panel Penggubal:Pn. Yang Hameza Meor Abdul RashidPn. Siti Jawahir Skh. Abu BakarPn. Rahimah Ibrahim Pn. Sharida ShafieCik Farhani Suhimi

Text Completion / Rational ClozeExamination tips

Before the examination

1. Master the rules of grammar, particularly on items commonly tested in this section: verbs pronouns (he, she, it, they, etc) subject-verb agreements relative pronouns (who, whose, which, etc) prepositions (beneath, on, at, through, etc) articles (a, an, the) conjunctions (and, but, because, etc) adjectives (pretty, good, enormous, etc) tenses (present, past, future) modals (can, will, shall, etc) sentence connectors / linkers (thus, moreover, however, etc) adverbs (quickly, immediately, gracefully, etc)

2. Do a lot of practices for this section.

3. Read widely. You need to have a good command of vocabulary to do well in this section. Use a dictionary to help you find the meanings of difficult words or phrases.

During examination

1. Read through the whole passage to get an idea of what it is all about. If you do not understand, read it again slowly and carefully.

2. While reading, look out for clues that may help you in identifying the best answer. (Check for the tenses used and the grammatical keywords.)

3. Next, study the words or the sentences that come before and after the blanks. These words may provide you with important clues to get the best answer.

4. Try fitting each option into the numbered blank. Be extra careful. The correct phrase should be grammatically and logically acceptable.

5. Sometimes, the answers are very close. Choose the best answer for each blank. Cross out the options that are clearly incorrect.

6. Finally, when you have finished, read through the passage again to make sure your answers are grammatically correct and the passage itself makes sense.

Grammar : Parts of speech

Parts of speechDefinitionExamples

Noun(kata nama)A word that names a person, place, thing, animal, concept or activity or idea.Uncountable nouns (nU) : Nouns that cannot be countedCountable nouns (nC) : Nouns that can be counted tree, apple, orange, kitten, hospital, froge.g.: The cat jumps over the fence.

Verb(kata kerja)A word that describes an action or statetalk, eat, run, shout, jump, is , was, am. e.g. : the cat climbs.

Pronoun(ganti nama)A word that takes the place of a nounI, he, she, it, they, we, our, itself e.g.: Ali likes durian. He is eating it now

Adjective(sifat nama)A word that describes a noun or pronounbeautiful, tall, clever, blue, red, kinde.g.: A beautiful clever girl

Adverb(sifat kata)A word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective or an adverbquickly, fast, slowly, very, carefullye.g.: The cat walks slowly and quietly.

Preposition(Kata Sendi)A word that shows relationship between a noun or pronoun with another word in a sentenceon, at, about, towards, near, along, under, below, onto, inside, around, between

ArticleA word that is used before nouns. Indefinite articles (a and an) are used with singular uncountable nouns only. The definite article (the) is used for both countable and uncountable nouns.a, an , the

Conjunction(Kata Hubung)A word that joins two or more words, phrases or clauses.and, or, but, however, therefore, moreover, so, although

Interjection(kata seruan)A word used to show strong feeling.Ouch! Wow! Ah! Ops! Hey!

Grammar rules : Tenses

The Simple Present Tense

The Simple Present Tense is used:

a) To show a habitual action ( done regularly) e.g.: Mother goes to market twice a week.e.g.: Aina always sleeps early.

b) To express a fact or truthe.g.: The owl hunts at night.

c) To declare something or make observationse.g.: That book belongs to Ali.e.g.: He always comes to school early.

d) To show future action that is part of a schedule / timetablee.g.: The train leaves in five minutes.


eatcatchlie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - eatscatchesliesPlural(verb)


IYou- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HeSheItWeYouThey

The Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense is used:

a) To show a habitual negative action ( done regularly) e.g.: The two brothers are always quarrelling. e.g.: She is always singing the same song.

b) To show an action that is happening.e.g.: The teacher is teaching now. e.g.: The boys are playing in the field.

c) To show a future action that is a part of a plan. e.g.: They are going camping next week. e.g.: I am visiting my grandmother this weekend.

d) To show a progress e.g.: The water is boiling. e.g.: Ali is improving.


am- - - - - - - are- - - - - - - is( verb + ing )

eatingcatchinglyingPluralare( verb + ing )


I- - - - - - -You- - - - - - -HeSheItWeYouThey

The Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense is formed by using has or have with the past participle. Uses of the Present Perfect Tense include:

a) To describe an action or situation that ended a short time ago. (usually with the word just)e.g.: Mr. Tan has just arrived home from work.

b) To describe an action which started in the past and continues up to the present (usually with the expressions since and for)

e.g.: I have known Siti for ten years.e.g.: He has lived here since 2009.

c) To connect the result of a past action to the present.e.g.: Someone has stolen her purse. (She does not have the purse with her now.)

d) To describe an action or situation that has happened but the time reference is not given. e.g.: Ali has taken his lunch. e.g.: They have decorated the hall.

Singularhave- - - - - - - has(verb past participle)

eatencaughtliedPluralhave(verb past participle)


IYou- - - - - - - - -HeSheItWeYouThey

The Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense is formed by the past tense form of the verb. Uses of the Simple Past Tense include:

a) To describe an action or situation that has completed in the past. e.g.: Ali was a teacher.

b) To describe an action which happened in the past with a time reference. e.g.: I went to Johor last year. e.g.: Ali spoke to the teacher yesterday.

c) To show habitual past action. e.g.: We swam in the river when we were young. e.g.: They always stayed at our place when they visited us.





IYou HeSheItWeYouThey

The Past Continuous Tense

The Past Continuous Tense is used:

a) To show a habitual negative action in the past. e.g.: The two brothers were always quarrelling. e.g.: She was always singing the same song.

b) To show an action that was happening at a time in the past.e.g.: The teacher was teaching. e.g.: The boys were playing in the field.

c) To show an action that was happening at a specific moment in the past. e.g.: Ali was reading when I visited him. e.g.: The girls were discussing their project when they heard a scream.

d) To show two actions taking place at the same time in the past. e.g.: While Ali was singing, his brother was playing the guitar. e.g.: While the boys were playing football, the girls were playing netball.



- - - - - - -


( verb + ing )

eatingcatchinglyingPluralwere( verb + ing )


IHeSheIt- - - - - - -



The Past Perfect TensePast Perfect Tense is formed by using had with the past participle. Uses of the Past Perfect Tense include:

a) When two events happened in the past, the event that happened first is in the past perfect tense while the second event is in the simple past tense.e.g.: I had cooked dinner before my parents came home.

b) with the conditional if only. e.g.: If only I had listened to your advice to leave early, I would not have missed the bus. e.g.: If only I had not scolded my brother, he would not be crying.

Singularhad(verb past participle)

eatencaughtliedPluralhad(verb past participle)



Future TenseThe Future Tense is used:a) To show a planned action for the future. e.g.: I will buy the book tomorrow. e.g.: Ali will talk to the teacher later.

Singularwill(base form verb)

eatcatchliePluralwill(base form verb)



Practice 1

Dear Margaret,I was very happy to receive your letter ___(1)___ me to join you and your family for a holiday in Port Dickson. Thank you very much. I wish I could accept your ____(2)_____ but I have to help my mother in her cake shop. One of the workers has ___(3)___ and my mother __(4)__ not been able to get a new worker.I dont mind ___(5)___ my mother in the shop. I have ___(6)___ how to make many kinds of cakes. My mother __(7)__ also promised to give me more money to spend. Ill be rich! But Im going to ___(8)____ everything. I think Ill save half of what my mother ___(9)___ me.I know I shall miss all the fun in Port Dickson. You will invite me again, ___(10)___ you?Do take good care of yourself and happy holidays! Bye.Your friend,Shirley Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.





Practice 2Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

20 February 2012This evening I attended Siew Chengs birthday party. It was wonderful to (1) her again after more than ten months. She has (2) much taller and slimmer. But she is (3) the same friendly and understanding person I used to (4) .I also made some new friends tonight. John Selvam and his brother, Richard, made me (5) almost the whole evening. They were very good at telling jokes. I was also (6) to Sabrina Yusof. I like her very much. She is very (7) . Id like to get to know her (8) . We share many hobbies. I think Ive been very greedy this evening. I have (9) too much. My stomach is starting to feel terrible. I think Ill go to bed now and try to (10) . I hope Ill feel better tomorrow.






Practice 3Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Nasri lives in Kuala Lumpur. His family members (1) back in Chaah, which is a small town in Johor. He (2) four sisters and a young brother. They are all still studying in primary school.Nasri was born in Chaah and he (3) there until Year 6. Then he moved to a boarding school in Kuala Lumpur in Form One. He misses his family and (4) forward to going back during the school holidays. Nasri (5) like being in Kuala Lumpur. There are so many things to do. He has gone to the cinemas with his friends and they have visited the public libraries. They (6) around by bus which is cheap and convenient. Although they (7) have to walk a lot, they do not mind.When Nasir goes back to Chaah, he (8) the peace and quiet there. However, after a few days, he gets bored because there (9) nothing to do except sleep and eat. There are no big shopping malls to visit. He normally cycles around and visits his old friends and relatives.He enjoys living in a big town and (10) to study there until he gets into university.



3Astudied8 AlikedBstudyBlikingCstudiesClikeDstudyingDlikes


5Ado10AhopingBdoesBhopedCdidChopeDdoingDhopesPractice 4Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Books are getting really expensive these days. For example, the latest Harry Potter book (1) at RM89.90. How many people can (2) that? Where else can children who are interested in reading get (3) reading materials?Well, there are now many rent-and-buy bookstores (4) cater to bookworms. Such stores stock a huge (5) of English, Malay and Chinese books, which are all in good condition. They cater to all children, teenagers and adults who are hooked (6) reading. There (7) Enid Blyton adventure stories, Sweet Valley High novels and Archie comics for children, and even books that range (8) medical thrillers to espionage, for adults.Rental rates (9) as low as RM3 to RM12 for a rare title. Each book is rented out for 90 days. Books returned (10) the due date are charged for a second rental period.






Practice 5Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Good evening. Tonight the main news is all about the weather. Storms are (1) in all parts of the country. In Kota Bharu, many roads are (2) because of flood waters. The Kelantan river has (3) its banks again. Residents have been (4) to higher grounds or out up at relief centres. Efforts are now being made to (5) more residents in low-laying areas to these relief centres. The people are (6) to keep tuned to the radio for news on the weather. The sea is expected to be rough with strong winds blowing from the (7) of the sea. Small fishing boats are advised to stay (8) from the sea during the storm.Elsewhere, heavy rain has also been (9) . In Kampung Pencala, trees have been up-rooted and roof tops blown away. (10) , no one was hurt. The affected families are now staying with their relatives, friends or at relief centres set up in community halls and schools.






Practice 6Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow.Arina : Hello, may I please speak to Miss Lim?

Miss Lim: Speaking.

Arina : Miss Lim, __________ (1) is Arina.

Miss Lim: Hello, Arina. Are you coming to class on Tuesday?

Arina : Miss Lim, Im sorry but I _______ (2) make it for class next Tuesday. I need to be _______ (3) netball practice from 4.00 to 6.00 p.m. So, I need to change the time of ________ (4) music class.

Miss Lim: On Tuesdays, my first class is at 3.30 p.m. Can you come at 2.15 p.m. ________ (5) your class?

Arina : I think 2.15 p.m. is a bit too _______ (6) for me. I only get home at 1.40 p.m.

Miss Lim: Oh! I see.

Arina : Can I have my class on Saturday evening _______ (7)?

Miss Lim: Sorry, ________ (8) that is not possible. I am fully booked by other students on Saturdays.

Arina : In that case, can I have my class slightly _________ (9), at 2.30 p.m. on Tuesday?

Miss Lim: Yes, that ________ (10) be possible. So, Ill change it to 2.30 p.m.

Arina : Thank you, Miss Lim.

Miss Lim: No problem. See you tomorrow then, Arina.

1A thisB thatC theseD those

2A canB cantC dontD doesnt

3A atB onC withD during

4A herB ourC mineD your

5A atB for C afterD before

6A rushB fastC rushedD faster

7A onlyB whenC insteadD however

8A soB orC butD and

9A laterB earlierC slowerD quicker

10A couldB couldnt

C willD wont



Practice 1

1 C2 A3 C4 A5 D6 C7 A8 A9 B10 C

Practice 2

1. B2. A3. C4. A5. A6. B7. D8. B9. D10. A

Practice 3

1. B2. D3. A4. C5. B6. B7. A8. D9. D10. D

Practice 4

1. C2. D3. C4. A5. B6. B7. B8. D9. A10. C

Practice 5

1. B2. C3. D4. A5. D6. D7. D8. B9. C10. D

Practice 6

1. A2. B3. A4. B5. B6. A7. C8. C9. A10. C


Notes for teachers:


1. Reading comprehension is tested in Paper 1 (Questions 27 40) of the 2012 PMR English paper.2. There are 14 questions, each carrying 1 mark.3. Six questions (Questions 27 32) are based on a non-linear text and eight questions (Questions 33 40) on a linear text.


1. Read the questions first then the passage.Normally, some questions will be set to test at the knowledge level (not necessarily in the first paragraph). Students can get the answers directly from the passage. The rest of the questions are asked in sequence.2. Identify the keywords from the questions:a. Why, what - reasonsb. Where - placec. Who - peopled. When - time3. Vocabulary identify words/phrases used within the context.


Types of questions: Direct questions~ Locate specific information and supporting details Vocabulary questions~ Understanding words and phrases~ Contextual clues Inferential questions~ Contextual clues Analytical questions~ Theme~ Main idea

Practice 1Read the following poster carefully. Then answer the questions that follow.

DENGUE FEVERWhat is Dengue?It is a disease caused by the Aedes mosquito.It is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world.How is Dengue transmitted?The Dengue virus is transmitted to humans through bites of female Aedes mosquitoes.These mosquitoes acquire/get the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person.After 8-10 days of incubation, an infected mosquito can transmit the virus to humans.The lifespan of a mosquito is between 15 to 65 days and it will infect as many people as it possibly can while it is still alive.What are the signs?Dengue fever is a flu-like illness with high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains and rashes. It seldom causes death.Dengue haemorrhagic fever may cause death.What can you do to prevent or control Dengue?Make sure your house is free from Aedes mosquitoes by:getting rid of containers, both man-made and natural, that can breed mosquitoes (man-made containers include flower pot base plants, metal drums, plastic food containers, tyres while natural containers include leaves and fruit shells);spraying insecticides in the house to kill the hidden mosquitoes;using insecticide such as ABATE when storing water.Remember: Prevention is better than cure!

1Dengue fever can be found in

Atropical countries onlyBsub-tropical countriesCboth tropical and sub-tropical countriesDall countries around the world

2Dengue fever is transmitted throughAbites of mosquitoesBbites of Aedes mosquitoesCbites of female mosquitoesDbites of female Aedes mosquitoes3How long can Aedes mosquitoes live?

A8-10 daysB8-15 daysC15-20 daysD15-65 days

4All of the following are signs of dengue fever EXCEPT

Ahigh feverBheadachesCnauseaDrashes


A a man-made containerBa type of mosquitoCa sprayDan insecticide

6The best explanation for Prevention is better than cure is

Aprevent the Aedes mosquitoes from spreadingByou cannot cure dengue fever from infecting humansCit is easier to prevent a cure using insecticideDit is better to be careful first than to try to solve a problem after it has happened

Read the following letter and answer the following questions.

128, Taman Sepakat,51000 Kuala Lumpur.16 June 2012.

Dear John,

Thank you for your letter which I received two days ago. I must really commend you on your ability to write.Congratulations on winning the second prize in the national-level Petronas Art Competition. Your parents must be proud of you. Keep on practising and participate in more competitions to hone your skills. Exposure to higher level competition will spur you to achieve greater heights, so look out for opportunities. Ill keep my eyes peeled for advertisement and will let you know if I come across any worthwhile competitions. Meantime, continue to brush up on your skills. Observe techniques used by great artists, study them and develop your own style and individuality. With determination and hard work, you will succeed. John, along your way to success, there may be times of hardship. There may be times when things do not work out. Do not be discouraged, but persevere, for success comes to those who do not quit.Talking about persevering, Im sorry to hear that your brother James did poorly in his recent exam. Tell him not to be sad but to take his failure as a challenge to strive for better results the next time. Remind him about the story of the runner who didnt give up, which Aunty Molly told both of you, and tell him to be that runner. As his elder brother, advise him to study hard, and help him with his studies. Make sure that he understands his lessons and encourage him to seek help from teachers or friends. Ill be going to Johor Bahru on a business trip next weekend, and I shall drop by to speak to him. In the meantime, help him overcome the difficulties he faces in his studies.Well, John, I think youve heard enough from me for the time being. After all, Ill be meeting you in person in less than ten days time and well have the opportunity to talk. Continue to develop your talents and help James discover his.

Your uncle, Francis 7John is Franciss





8John can improve his art by doing the following except

Apainting constantly

Bjoining more national-level competitions

Cvisiting art galleries to study paintings done by other artists

Dlook through the newspapers for announcements on art competitions

9Molly and Francis maybe related in the following ways except

Abrother and sister

Bhusband and wife

Cuncle and niece


10The following are reasons why Francis wrote the letter except

Ato condemn

Bto encourage

Cto congratulate

Dto express concern

11The word persevere refers to



Ccarry on

Dbe polite

12The phrase to take his failure as a challenge can best be described by the saying

ALook before you leap

BA stitch in time saves nine

CFailure is the mother a success

DDont count your chicken before they are hatched

13John helps his younger brother by

Agoing on a business trip

Bmeeting Uncle Francis to talk to him

Cobserving the techniques used by great artists

Dadvising him to study hard and get help from teachers and friends

14Select the correct statement.

AFrancis is a businessman

BJohns future in the field of art is bleak

CJames performed superbly in the recent exam

DAunt Molly is encouraging Francis to persevere in whatever he does

Practice 2

Read the dialogue below and study the map given carefully, then answer the questions that follow.

Mr. Grahame: Excuse me. I need to go to Seaview Hotel. Can you tell me the direction?Iskandar : Yes, of course. Seaview Hotel is along Jalan Mawar. Its not far from here. You have to walk down this road and then turn left at the roundabout. Now you will be in Jalan Melati. You will see some shops on your right and left. You will soon come to a T-junction. Turn right here and walk straight down until you come to a crossroad. Then turn left. You will see some shops and a clinic on your right. There is a road beside the clinic. Turn into this road. This is Jalan Mawar. Seaview Hotel is here, on your left.Mr. Grahame: Oh dear! Im confused. Could you repeat the directions while I write everything down?Iskandar : Ive a better idea. Ill draw a map for you. Do you have a piece of paper?Mr. Grahame: Yes, here it is. Thank you. Thats very kind of you.Iskandar : Youre welcome.

1Mr. Grahame wanted to go toAthe post officeBSeaview HotelCIskandars houseDJalan Mawar

2A crossroad is a junction where

Atwo roads meetBfour roads meetCall roads end in a crossDit is dangerous to cross

3Iskandar asked for a piece of paper because he wanted to

Adraw a mapBwrite the directions downCwrite his addressDdraw a picture of Seaview Hotel

4What is opposite Seaview Hotel in the map?

ASupermarketBAn office buildingCA shopping complexDA medical centre

5The dialogue is mainly about

ASeaview HotelBhow far Seaview Hotel isCdirections to Seaview HotelD the buildings near Seaview Hotel

6What is the large building along Jalan Melati as shown on the map?

AStadiumBPermai Medical CentreCSwimming poolDA supermarket

Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow.

Danial :What time should I rise and shine tomorrow morning, Pak Ngah?

Pak Hassan : I am normally up by 5 oclock in the morning. Are you sure you want to get up so early? You are on holiday, you know. Dont you want to sleep in? your father wants you to relax. He is my older brother, so I have to listen to him.

Danial :Oh, please, Pak Ngah. I will only be here for a few days. I want to help you with your chores. I know you have a lot of work to do.

Pak Hassan : Thats right. I do have a fair bit of work to do every morning and I like to finish before the sun comes up. Otherwise, it gets too hot to work fast.

Danial :What can I help you with, Pak Ngah?

Pak Hassan : Well, I usually feed the chickens, ducks, goats and cows first. You can help me to collect the chicken eggs and feed the chickens and ducks.

Danial :Thats easy. You also milk the cows and goats. Can I help?

Pak Hassan : You can try. It may not be easy at first but you can learn. After that, if you are not too tired, we can pick the vegetables for the market. We have to be ready to go to the market by six thirty, so we have to work quickly.

Danial :No problem, Pak Ngah. I will go to bed but I am not sure I can sleep. I am quite excited about my first working day in a kampung tomorrow.

Pak Hassan : Good night, Danial. The cockerels will be crowing bright and early even if you oversleep.

Danial :Good night.

7Pak Hassan usually wakes up

A early in the morning.

B after the sun rises.

C at six thirty

D at five p.m

8Danial is Pak Hassans ..

A cousin

B son

C niece

D nephew

9Why is Danial staying with Pak Hassan? He is .

A working for him.

B planning to relax.

C feeding the chickens

D spending his holidays

10These are the chores that Pak Hassan needs to do except

A milking the cows and goats.

Bpicking the vegetables

Cfeeding the livestock

Dsleeping in

11At the village, Danial will be learning to

Amilk the cows

Bgo to the market

Cpluck the vegetables

Dcollect chicken eggs

12Pak Hassan wants to finish his chores before the sun rises because

Ait is easier to work in the dark.

Bthe animals do not like the hot sun.

Cthe hot sun makes it difficult to work quickly.

Dhe wants to be at the market by six thirty in the morning.

13Danial is excited about

Ahelping with the chores on his uncles farm.

Bgetting up late every morning

Cbeing a farmer in his life.

Dgoing to bed late.

14Choose the incorrect statement.

AThis passage tells us of a farmers difficult life.

BThis passage is about the adventures of a boy from a big town.

CThis passage shows that life in a kampong and a town is different.

DThis passage gives us an idea of what a day in a kampong would be like.

Practice 3Read the following text and answer the questions that follow.

Twin sisters, May Lin and Sher Lin were very excited. They would be going to a new school in a few days time. But at the same time they were also very nervous. They wondered whether they could do well in their studies. Their brother, Robert, had warned them: Therell be many more subjects and tons of homework!Dont worry, their mother told them. If you plan out how you should spend your time, you will have enough time for work and play. So why dont both of you plan your own timetables?The following day the twins showed their mother their timetables.

1What advice did their mother give May Lin and Sher Lin?AThey should study hard.BThey should enjoy themselves.CThey should make a class timetable.DThey should plan how to spend their time.

2According to Robert, life at the primary school level is easier because

Athere are fewer examsBpupils need not study very hardCthe teachers give less homeworkDpupils are allowed to go home earlier

3Study the two timetables. Which of the following statements is not true?

AMay Lin has no hobby.BBoth Sher Lin and May Lin play the piano.CSher Lins favourite hobby seems to be watching TV.DCompared to Sher Lin, May Lin spends more time revising her lessons.4Which of the following statements is true?

ASher Lin likes gardening.BMay Lin goes to bed later than Sher Lin.CMay Lin helps her mother to cook lunch every day.DSher Lin spends more time on her studies than on watching TV.

5According to the timetables above, Sher Lin and May Lin can

Awatch TV togetherBdo gardening togetherCdo homework togetherDhelp mother in the kitchen together

6What do you think Sher Lins mother would say to her when she looks at her timetable?

AIm glad you like gardening.BI didnt know you could play computer games.CDo you plan to do your homework at 3.00 pm?DDont you think you are spending too much time watching TV?

Read the passage below carefully. Then, answer the questions that follow.

The two salesgirls continued talking though one of them could see Encik Husni approaching the counter. He had to wait a full five minutes before Mei Ling, one of the salesgirls, turned to him with a bothered look on her face.I wonder if you could show me the latest range of belts for me, Encik Husni enquired. Mei Ling lazily pointed her finger and curtly said, They are over there. Then she resumed her conversation with her salesgirl friend.As soon as she was sure Encik Husni was not within earshot, she complained, Did you see how shabbily he was dressed? He must be blind too, as the belts are just around the corner, and he missed them. Some people have the nerve!At closing time, Miss Chan the sales supervisor walked over to Mei Lings counter and asked if a Malay man had approached her for some belts. Yes, as a matter of fact he did, replied Mei Ling. Well, I hope you showed him our range and pampered him with the service our company is so famous for. Encik Husni is the new chairman of our company, Miss Chan said with a smile.Mei Ling swallowed a gulp of air. She told herself she would say a prayer as soon as she got home. It would be disastrous to lose her job over this.

7According to the text above, Mei Ling is a




D cashier

8The salesgirls were when Encik Husni arrived.

A tagging items on offer

Bfolding clothes

Cchecking stock

D talking

9When Encik Husni approached the counter, Mei Ling should have

A ignored him completely

Bpretended not to see him at all

Ccontinued talking to her friend

D stopped talking and attended to him

10The phrase not within earshot means

A could not reach the ear

Bcould not listen carefully

Cunable to hear from a specific distance

D unable to touch the ear from a distance

11Instead of merely pointing her finger to show Encik Husni where the belts were kept, Mei Ling ought to have

A made fun of his dressing too

Basked her friend where it was

Caccompanied him to where the belts were

D offered to show him where the belts and shirts were

12According to the passage, Encik Husni was

A ill-treated

Bgiven a treat

Ctreated shoddily

D treated with respect

13We can infer from the passage that

A Mei Ling is Miss Chans subordinate

BMei Ling will be punished for her inaction

CEncik Husni was desperate to see the latest range of belts for men

D Encik Husni wanted to learn more about the day to day operations of the company

14It is obvious that Mei Ling

A will change her ways

Btreated everyone fairly

Cprovided excellent customer service

D did not recognize the new company chairman

Practice 4

Read the label below and answer the questions that follow.

GGInstant Milk PowerForGood Health and Strong BonesGG skim milk powder is made from cows milk. So it is rich in protein and calcium. It is very low in fat it contains only 0.7% milk fat.GG skim milk also has all the important vitamins you need for good health. All you have to do is drink just two glasses a day.Directions:Add 1 part GG skim milk powder to 4 parts warm or cold water. Stir. GG milk powder dissolves instantly.For even better taste, keep overnight in the fridge before use.Keep lid tightly closed and store in a cool dry place.Recommended price:Peninsular Malaysia RM 12.99East Malaysia RM 13.99Manufactured in New ZealandPacked in Malaysia forW&T Dairies (M) Sdn. Bhd.16, Jalan Semangat,46700, Petaling Jaya,Selangor. Tel: 03-7566611www.ggmilk.com.my

Warning:Not suitable for babies750 g

1According to the label, what can GG instant skim milk powder do for us?AIt is very easy to use.BIt contains vitamins.CIt is made from cows milk.DIt helps to make our bones stronger.

2GG instant skim milk is best forAbabiesBfat peopleCteenagers who are too thinDpeople with strong bones

3If you want GG milk to taste better, you mustAadd vitaminsBadd more milk powderCleave it overnight in the fridgeDdrink it warm as soon as you make it

4Which of the following is false?A This tin of milk powder weighs 750 g.BGG milk powder is not made from goats milk.CYou can use cold or warm water to dissolve GG milk powder.DThe price of GG instant skim milk powder is the same everywhere in Malaysia.

5According to the label, GG instant skim milk powder isApacked in New Zealand.Bmade in Petaling Jaya.Cexported by Malaysia.Da New Zealand product.

6The word overnight meansAfor a nightBfor many nightsCover two nightsDa fortnight

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

Normal people do not have to fear mentally retarded or mentally disabled people. These people are neither dangerous nor crazy. It is just that the brain of the mentally disabled does not have the ability and power to perform as well as a normal person. Some mentally disabled people are quite gifted in certain ways. However, in many cases their abilities are not known because no one had tried to tap the potential in them.Many families still keep their mentally disabled children at home. Some do this because of embarrassment or because they are concerned that these children might get hurt when exposed to the outside world. Others feel that there is no point in sending these children to schools or institutions because they do not realise the potential that the children have of leading a normal life if the required disciplines and skills are learned and put into practice by these children.There are several voluntary organizations which take in young disabled children and teach them how to live almost normal lives and be part of society.The Joy Training Workshop, however, caters to those aged 16 years and above. The workshop serves as a day-care centre for working parents with special children. At the workshop, located in Taman Melaka Raya in Melaka, mentally disabled teenagers and young adults are taught to handle certain responsibilities that prepare them to fit into society while developing healthy lifestyles. The workshop is managed by Pam Anand. Her principal aim is to provide the disabled with opportunities and avenues to learn daily living skills and to pick up work-related expertise.According to Pam, besides recreational and educational activities and programmes, the workshops trainees are taught to undertake part-time work such as assembly and packaging. This enables them to earn a small but meaningful income. Several local manufacturing concerns sometimes utilize the trainees know-how and expertise for contract jobs. The trainees also run a jumble corner where used clothes and second hand household items are put up for sale.Festival days and trainees birthdays are always special occasion at the workshop. Parents and well-wishers turn up at the workshop to join in the celebrations and bring cheer to the trainees. To stimulate social outdoor activities, several parents volunteer to take the trainees out on field trips and excursions.The workshop, which runs on a non-profit basis, also has several volunteers who drop in to help out regularly.

7Mentally retarded people are those

A who are dangerous

B who are gifted in certain ways

Cwhose brains do not function as well as normal peoples brains.

D whose mental ability and power is better than normal peoples brains

8Some families keep their mentally retarded children at home for the following reasons except

A they are embarrassed of these children.

Bthey believe that these children would not be able to lead normal lives

Cthey know that these children can be taught to lead almost normal lives

D they are worried that their children might get hurt if they are on their own

9How is Joy Training Workshop different from other voluntary organizations for mentally disabled or retarded people?

A They take in people who are not retarded.

BThey take in people who are sixteen years and above.

CThey only take in children who are below sixteen years of age.

D They do not allow people who are not retarded into the workshops.

10The trainees at the Workshop learn

A where to do part time work

Bhow to take care of retarded people

Chow to become experts and gifted people

D how to live a normal life and earn their own money

11The word principal in paragraph four means

A main



D headmistress

12Which of the following statements from the passage states that the trainees are sometimes paid for the work they do at the workshop?

A This enables them to earn a small but meaningful income.

Bthe workshops trainees are taught to undertake part-time work such as assembly and packaging.

CSeveral local manufacturing concerns sometimes utilize the trainees know-how and expertise for contract jobs.

D The trainees also run a jumble corner where used clothes and second-hand household items are put up for sale.

13The trainees are taken on field trips and excursions to

A help them to relax

Bteach them about fields and excursions

Cshow them what to do when they go out on their own

D help them learn to mix around freely with other people in public places

14The phrase non profit basis in the last paragraph means that the workshop

A makes a lot of profit from running the workshop

Bdoes not earn any money by providing training

Cspends a lot of money on the workshop

D gets a lot of donations from volunteers

Practice 5

Read the poster below and answer the questions.

Calling all caring citizens!!Jointly organized by Perlis Girl Guides Association and Puspanita in aid of the Kenangan Orphanage and Kenangan Old Folks Home.Date:October 8, 2012Time:8.00 am -9.00 pmVenue:KenanganOfficial opening by the Chairman of Kenangan Charity Organisation HighlightsCultural performances! Attractive prizesFood from all over the world! Movies!Adjacent parking lot is available.Get coupons at RM10.00 per booklet from the organizers / ticket booth / the entrance. Donations welcome; send to Puspanita /Perlis Girl Guides Association. All proceeds go to charitable organizations.Volunteers needed; contact organizers at 05-2738826

1The purpose of the poster is toA inform the public about the food and fun fairBconvince the public to go to the town hallCurge the public to support the food and fun fairDmake the public volunteer during the food and fun fair

2Which statement is NOT true about the food and fun fair?AIt is organized by the members of Puspanita and Perlis Girl Guides Association.BIt will be held in the town hall from morning till night.CThe admission fee to the food and fun fair is RM10.00.DThere will be a lot of food on sale.

3Seng Hock wants to do his part for the needy but he has no money. What can he do to show his support?AMake a donation to Perlis Girl Guides AssociationBBuy ticketsCVolunteer to help outDAsk his friends to go to the food and fun fair

4All proceeds go to charitable organizations meansAonly members of charitable organizations can proceed and help outBmoney and donations collected will be given to charitable organizationsCvarious charitable organizations will be present at the food and fun fairDcharitable organizations will sell food during the food and fun fair

5Below are the reasons for going to the food and fun fair EXCEPTAthere will be many things to seeBit will be crowded thereCwe can do our part for the needyDwe can enjoy ourselves there

6The word adjacent in the poster meansAin front ofBat the back ofCoppositeDnext to

Read the following newspaper report and answer the questions that follow. Kuala Pilah, Sat. A grandmother suffered burns on her face, hands and back when she rushed into her burning house to save three children during a fire at a squatter settlement in Kampung Serindit here today. Mastura Rahman, 63, risked her life to save her two grandchildren and a neighbours child whom she was baby-sitting. I had just put them to sleep when I heard someone shouting that my house was on fire. I rushed out and noticed my kitchen engulfed in flames. Before I could do anything, there was an explosion and the flames quickly spread to other parts of the house, says Mastura. I ran back into the house and headed straight for the cradle where my six-month old grandson was sleeping. Awakened by the heat, noise and flames, Masturas other grandchild and her neighbours child cried out for her in fear. However, thick smoke and intense heat prevented her from reaching them at first. Mastura carried her grandson out to safety, then re-entered the burning house despite efforts and pleas to restrain her. Minutes later, she emerged, slightly burned on her face, hands and back, but with the two children in tow. Mastura lost all her possessions in the fire but she is glad she managed to save the children, adding that she wouldnt know what to do if she hadnt been successful. 20 firemen in 3 fire engines who rushed to the scene after receiving a distress call at 3.10 pm took 95 minutes to bring the blaze under control. In the fire, described as one of the worst in the district since 1996, about 100 people were made homeless and 19 homes destroyed.

7 According to the newspaper report,

A the fire took place in the morningB the houses were burned on purposeC firemen battled the flames for more than an hourD no one managed to save anything

8 The expression risked her life means

A Mastura could have died in the fireB Mastura helped to control the blazeC Mastura enjoyed risks and challengesD Mastura did not value her life

9 The words below can be used to describe Mastura except

A neighbourlyB daredevilC self-sacrificingD impulsive10 The children cried as they were

A afraidB awakenedC abandonedD hot

11 Masturas neighbours try to restrain her from entering the house for

A they were afraid of herB it was dangerous to enter the houseC they thought she would not have been able to save the childrenD the firemen could save the children

12 According to the passage, Mastura felt glad because

A she lost all her belongingsB her grandchildren were safeC 100 people were made homelessD 19 homes were destroyed

13 The word engulfed as used in the passage can best be replaced with

A swallowed upB came outC caught onD stood out

14 The best headline for the newspaper report is

A20 firemen battled fire in Kg Serindit B 100 made homeless in fireC Grandma saved threeD Grandma hurt in fire


ANSWERPractice 11. C2. D3. D4. C5. D6. D7. D8. D9. C10. A11. C12. B13. D14. APractice 21. B2. B3. A4. D5. C6. B7. A8. D9. D10. D11. A12. C13. A14. BPractice 31. D2. C3. A4. A5. C6. D7. C8. D9. D10. C11. C12. C13. A14. D

Practice 41. D2. C3. C4. D5. D6. A7. C8. C9. B10. D11. A12. A13. D14. BPractice 51. C2. C3. C4. B5. C6. D7. C8. A9. B10. A11. B12. B13. A14. C



Candidates will be given one of the six poems studied from Form 1 to Form 3

Form 1:

The River Valerie BloomMr. Nobody unknown

Form 2:

I Wonder Jeannie KirbyHeir Conditioning M. Shanmughalingam

Form 3:

A Fighters Lines Marzuki AliLeisure William Henry Davies


1. Look into the literary elements: - Themes- Tones- Values/Lessons- Mood- Persona- Poetic Devices 2. Understand the keywords and phrases


The Railway Children Edith Nesbit


Areas to focus on: Plot the outline of the events in the story Theme idea around the story Setting the time, place and people/characters/societies Main characters the person around whom the story revolves Minor characters other people in the story Lessons/moral values

POEMSRead the poem and answer the questions that follow.

I WONDERI wonder why the grass is green,And why the wind is never seen?Who taught the birds to build a nest,And told the trees to take a rest?O, when the moon is not quite round,Where can the missing bit be found?Who lights the stars, when they blow out,And makes the lightning flash about?Who paints the rainbow in the sky,And hangs the fluffy clouds so high?Why is it now, do you suppose,That Dad wont tell me, if he knows?Jeannie Kirby

Answer the following questions

1. Who is the person in the poem?

2. What does the word wonder mean?

3. What is the tone of the poem?

4. Where is the persona in the poem?

5. Why is the poet always wondering about the nature?

6. Name two things that the persona wonders in the poem?

7. What poetic device is the trees to take a rest?

8. What is the theme of the poem?

Suggested answers

1. Child/young boy/boy2. Unsure/not sure3. Earnest/curious4. Open place/park/garden/field5. Wants to know how such things happen/alerts/sensitive of surroundings6. Any two themes7. Personification8. Appreciate nature/nature is beautiful/ curiosity of a child towards the nature/aware of surroundings

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

HEIR CONDITIONINGGrand dad did you breathebefore air cons were inventedwas it hard stayingalive without modern inventions?Grandma werent you flusteredas you fluttered with paper fans?Could you communicate beforefaxes and long distance callsbecame basic necessities?Grandchild we livedbefore your age. Becauseof our ignorance,we did not knowpollution, stress, traffic jamsdestruction of forests, streams and hillswe feared God and naturenow nature fears you andmoney is your new God.M. Shanmughalingam

1. What is the poem about?

2. What is the symbol of modern life?

3. What is the symbol of olden life?

4. What did the persona highlight in the second stanza?

5. Who are involved in the poem?

6. What is the tone of the poem?

7. Give two moral values that you know from the poem.

8. Which type of life would you prefer to live in? Give a reason.

9. What do these symbols represent?

a) Paper fansb) Air consc) Money

Suggested answers

1. About life (modern/olden)/past life/present life2. Air cons/faxes/long distance calls3. Paper fans4. Living without modern technologies/easy life/life without modern gadgets5. Child, grand dad, grandma/child, grandparents/child, grandmother, grandfather6. Serious/nave/eager7. Any suitable answer8. Any suitable answer9. a) paper fans-simple lifeb) air cons- present life/modern lifec) money- new God in present life/materialistic

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

The RiverThe Rivers a wanderer,A nomad, a tramp,He doesnt choose one placeTo set up his camp.The Rivers a winder,Through valley and hillHe twists and he turns,He just cannot be still.The Rivers a hoarder,And he buries down deepThose little treasuresThat he wants to keep.The Rivers a baby,He gurgles and hums,And sounds like hes happilySucking his thumbs.The Rivers a singer,As he dances along,The countryside echoesThe notes of his song.The Rivers a monsterHungry and vexed,Hes gobbled up treesAnd hell swallow you nextValerie Bloom

1. What is the theme of the poem?2. The word he in the above poem means3. The River is having the qualities of human beings. What is the poetic device used?4. Which stanza tells you that The River is threatening?5. What is the tone of the poem?6. What word tells you that The River is angry?7. Why does the poet compare The River to a wanderer or a tramp?8. What is your opinion about The River?

Suggested answers

1. The joys Nature brings/Nature is both beneficial and destructive/Nature has its simple charms/The River is a natural source of life(accept any other suitable answer)

2. River3. Personification/metaphor4. Last stanza/Stanza 65. Cheerful/happy/joyful6. Vexed7. Moving/non-stop8. Any suitable answer

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

Mr. NobodyI know a funny little man,As quiet as a mouse,Who does the mischief that is doneIn everybodys house!Theres no one ever sees his face,And yet we all agreeThat every plate we break was crackedBy Mr. Nobody.Tis he who always tears our books,Who leaves the door ajar,He pulls the buttons from our shirts,And scatters pins afar;That squeaking door will always sqeak,For, prithee, dont you see,We leave the oiling to be doneBy Mr. Nobody.He puts damp wood upon the fire,That kettles cannot boil;His are the feet that bring in mud,And all the carpets soil.The papers always are mislaid,Who had them last but he?Theres no one tosses them aboutBut Mr. Nobody.The finger marks upon the doorBy none of us are made;We never leave the blinds unclosed,To let the curtains fade;The ink we never spill; the bootsThat lying round you seeAre not our boots they all belongTo Mr. Nobody.Author Unknown

1. Who is Mr. Nobody?

2. What is your feeling about Mr. Nobody?

3. Do you like Mr. Nobody? Give your reasons.

4. Mr. Nobody is blamed for:


5. Which line and stanza shows the poetic device simile?

6. What is the tone of the poem?

7. What kind of person is Mr. Nobody?

8. What actions that can be considered as mischief at home?

Suggested answers

1. A person who behaves badly/ someone who does naughty things/someone who is making mischief in everyones home/ a mischief maker.2. Any suitable answer.3. Any suitable answer.4. Any suitable answer from the poem.5. Stanza 1 line 26. Humorous tone 7. A guilty person8. Any suitable answer from Stanzas 1,2,3 and 4

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

A Fighters LinesI am old and wornAnd have lost all my strengthSufferingsAnd the history of the fight for independenceHave forced sacrificesThat know no nameOr lifeFrom the wheelchair of the rest of my daysI, body and energy crushedSee and cannot do muchThese times are too big a challengeFor the remnants of my crippled yearsThe net of deceit spread everywhereDisturbs me.In the name of justiceWake up and form ranks sons of our ancestorBe braveAnd erect a wall of peopleStand up heirs of our freedomI have no more voiceIt is you now who should speak!Marzuki Ali

1. What is the theme of the poem?

2. What is the tone of the poem?

3. Why does the persona have lost his strength?

4. The phrase sons of our ancestor means

5. What will happen if the younger generation does not do anything?

6. What can we learn from the poem?

7. Why does the persona feel helpless?

8. The phrase the net of deceit refers to

Suggested answers:

1. Fight for justice/freedom/patriotism/independence2. Gloomy/depressing/patriotic/worry3. He has been fighting and has sacrificed for freedom/ badly wounded/became crippled for the rest of his life/ has been suffering because he has been fighting for independence. (any suitable answer)4. Young generations/current generation5. Any suitable answer6. We should love our country/ should be united/ should fight for our rights7. He is old and crippled/ tired and weak8. Corruption/cheat (other suitable words or phrases)

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

LeisureWhat is this life if, full of care,We have no time to stand and stare.No time to stand beneath the boughsAnd stare as long as sheep or cows.No time to see, when woods we pass,Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass.No time to see, in broad daylight,Streams full of stars, like stars at night.No time to turn at Beautys glance,And watch her feet, how they can dance.No time to wait till her mouth canEnrich that smile her eyes began.A poor life this if, full of care,We have no time to stop and stare.William Henry Davies

1. Name the type of this poem.

2. What type of life do we have today?

3. What does the word leisure mean?

4. How can we appreciate the Nature?

5. Who is the persona in this poem?

6. State the activities that you can do during leisure:


7. The expression as long as sheep or cows is used as a

8. What have you learnt from the poem?

Suggested answers

1. Couplet2. Busy life3. Rest/relax/enjoy4. Looking/seeing/observing5. Young person/adult/man/youth6. Any suitable answers (2)7. Simile8. The simple things in life/happy life/we must have free time/we must enjoy our life/we must find time for leisure.(any other suitable answer)


1 In the novel The Railway Children, write about a character that you find most interesting. Give reasons for your choice. Support your answer with evidence from the text.

Suggested outline of the answer:

Name/ choose the novel State one interesting character from the novel Give at least 2 reasons why the character is interesting Provide evidence from the text.

2Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about one helpful character. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer:

Name / choose the novel Write one character who shows being helpful Provide evidence / reasons from the novel

3 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about one of the themes. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer:

Name / choose the novel Mention / write on one theme that you know from the novel. Give evidence from the text to support your answer.

4 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about a moral value that you have learned. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer:

Name / choose the novel Write a moral value that you know from the novel chosen Provide evidence to support your answer.

5 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write on one of the lessons that you have learned. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer

Name / choose the novel Write on one lesson that you have learned. Provide evidence to support your answer Relate the lesson learnt with your personal life.

6 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about an event that makes the characters feel happy. Provide evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer:

Write one of the events in the novel which makes the characters feel happy Give evidence from the novel

7 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about a sad incident in the novel. Provide evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer:

Write one sad incident Provide evidence to support your answer


EXCELLENT11-12 Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details well-developed, well-organised with evidence form text. Varied sentence structures (simple and compound) Wide and apt vocabulary Accurate use of language Accurate mechanics of writing

CREDIT8-10 Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details largely developed, organised and supported with evidence from text Varied sentence structures (simple and compound) Vocabulary wide enough Largely accurate use of language Largely accurate mechanics of writing

ACHIEVEMENT5-7 Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details sufficiently developed with some organisation and supported with some evidence from text Sentence structures lack variety (simple structure dominates) Adequate vocabulary used Sufficiently accurate use of language Fairly accurate mechanics of writing

WEAK3-4 Requirements of task partially fulfilled Ideas lack development and organisation with minimal textual support mere narration Sentence structures mostly simple with errors that hamper reading Vocabulary limited Language is barely accurate with errors that hamper reading Inconsistent mechanics of writing

VERY WEAK1-2 Requirements of task hardly fulfilled Hardly any development of relevant ideas or textual support High density of errors; blurring evidence, lacks cohesion Vocabulary very limited Mechanics of writing numerous errors


Sentence Construction

1) Simple sentence

a) It must have at least one object and one verbSubject + Verb : To show what happened in the story


HeSheItIYouWeTheyslept (in the room)smiles (at me)died (yesterday)will go (to Langkawi)were shopping (there)have arrived (at the jetty)are playing (football)

Subject + Verb + Object : To show action done on someone/ something else.


HeSheItIYouWeTheythankedpraisesis looking atscoldedmakewill readeatmehimherthemcoffeebooksdurians

b) Subject + was / were + ing : To show what was happening in the story (past continuous tense)

SubjectVerb (to be)+ ing



c) Subject + was / were + what : To describe people, things, place or time

SubjectVerb (to be)Descriptive (adj)


2) Compound sentence

A compound sentence is a sentence with 2 simple sentences joined by a conjunction.

The conjunctions are as follows:for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Tips: The first letter of each conjunction when put together forms the wordFANBOYS.)


YouAliAlican takeplayedplayed

a busfootballfootballorandbutyouMariaMariacan takewentplayeda taxishoppingnetball

3) Complex sentence

A complex sentence is a sentence or a phrase joined by one or more simple sentences. A complex sentence always has a connector such asbecause, since, after, although,orwhenor a relative pronoun such asthat, who,orwhich.


Hehanded inhis homeworkthathehad completedyesterday

Teacherreturnedthe homeworkaftershenoticedthe error


Past Tense





IYou HeSheItWeYouThey

Analysis of PMR Guided Writing Questions YEARSECTION A

2002Informal Letter

2003Giving opinion


2005Report based on pictures

2006Informal Letter based on notes given

2007Story based on pictures

2008Speech based on poster about safety in school

2009An Article A visit to old folks home

2010Story based on pictures

General Guidelines for GUIDED WRITING [25 marks 40 minutes]

1. Always read the question carefully and highlight what you need to do (task). Check the tone/pronoun needed.2. Use the 40 minutes wisely: Use 5 minutes to plan your essay and organise your thoughts (what to write, how to elaborate on the points given). Then, use 30 minutes to write and 5 minutes to edit.3. Remember to use all the points given. 4. Remember to give relevant details or elaborate the points given. Use WH- questions to help you develop your points. 5. Vary your sentence structures so that your essay is not dull and monotonous.6. Include an introduction (may copy from the question and check if you need to change the pronoun) and a conclusion.7. Also, make sure your paragraphs are well-organised.8. Read through your written piece and edit it.


Good morning to the principal, teachers and fellow students. I am honoured to be given this opportunity to talk on 'Health is Wealth'..........................................................................................................................................................................................................


Thank you.


66, Lorong 8,Diamond Park,08000 Sungai Petani,Kedah.

9 MAY 2012.

Dear Yati,...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Yours sincerely,Ani



At 8.30 a.m., 40 students and

Reported by,Christine(Secretary of Drama Club)


Health is Wealth

Which is more important? ....

Written by,Eric


It was raining heavily. .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


As I was walking home,........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


Greeting / Salutation

Dear (is most often used)Dearest and My dearest (are usually used only for people you love)

My dear . (is used if you have a close relationship with someone, like your family or best friend)

Opening Remarks

How are you? I hope you are fineWhat a surprise to hear from you

I received your letter yesterday / a few days agoHow are you? I am sorry I couldnt write earlier.

Closing Remarks

That will be for now. I hope to hear from you soon.Please send my warmest regards to your family.

Do write soon.I shall write again when I have time.

The Format

SalutationThe Content 1, Jalan Bukit Lagi, 01000 Kangar, Perlis. 2 June 2012Dear Fadzle, It was a wonderful surprise to hear from you ................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Do write to me again after your examinations. Until then, good luck in the exam!Your friend, Ammy Writers Address Date Opening RemarksClosing Remarks Ending & Signature


Teachers Day Celebration : Word list/ Glossary for Exercises 1,2 and 3.

Word ListMeaning in BM

advice (noun)nasihat

advise (verb)menasihat





celebrate/celebration meraikan




clappedtepuk (tangan)




deliver (a speech)menyampaikan






guest-of -honourtetamu kehormat


help bantuan






proudlydengan bangganya



state anthem/national anthemlagu negeri/lagu kebangsaan




Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete the following sentences.

1. My school ____________________ Teachers Day last week.2. The _______________ started at 7.30 a.m.3. We sang the National Anthem, Negaraku and the state _________________ .4. The __________________ gave a speech.5. The aim of the __________________ was to show appreciation to teachers.6. The head prefect thanked the teachers for their __________________ and advice.7. The teachers and students played _________________ games.8. The students _______________ most of the games.9. We had a _________________ at the school hall.10. The principal ___________________ us to study hard.

Exercise 2


You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question.Your school celebrated Teachers Day last week. Write a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion.

Use these notes in your letter: Assembly at 7.30 am Speech by principal gave advice to students Aim of celebration show appreciation to teachers Speech by head prefect Activities carried out games class parties - concertWhen writing your letter : you may use all the notes elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting add any other relevant information make sure it is not less than 120 words

(25 marks)

INFORMAL LETTER: (Notes for teachers)

BEFORE WRITING, always remind your students to ask a few WH-questions to help them elaborate on the points given.

NoIdeas / Points givenWH Question

1Assembly at 7.30 a.m.

* Where did the assembly take place?* Who attended the assembly?* Was anybody invited? Who?

2Speech by principal gave advice to students

* What was the main message of the speech? * What advice did the principal give?

3Aim of celebration show appreciation to teachers* Why do students have to study hard and develop good qualities?

4Speech by head prefect* What was the content of the message?


Activities carried out games class parties - concert

* What games were played?* What did the winners get?* What was the food prepared?* What did you have in the concert? Singing? Dancing?

Remind students to use these points in their answer:

1. Assembly at 7.30 a.m.2. Speech by principal gave advice to students3. Aim of celebration - show appreciation to teachers4. Speech by head prefect5. Activities carried out games class parties concert

Sample Answer 1 ** Note the simple connectors e.g. After that, Then, After 12 noon, Finally.Task : Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.

123, Jalan Raja, 02600 Arau Perlis 22 June 2012

Dear Maslinda,How are you? I hope you are fine. My family and I are doing just fine. My school _____________ Teachers Day last week. Many students came that day. The ____________ started at 7.30 a.m. The chairman of the PTA (PIBG) also came. We sang _________ and the state anthem.After that, the ____________ gave a speech. He __________ us to study hard and be good students. He also told us that the aim of the _____________ was to show appreciation to teachers. We should thank our teachers. Then the head prefect gave a speech. He thanked the teachers for their ___________ and advice. After 12 noon, the teachers and students played some ___________ games like football, throwing balloons and other games. The students _________ most of the games. We won hampers. My class bought a big _______ for the class party. Finally, we had a ___________ in the school hall. I took part in the concert. I sang Michael Jacksons Beat It. We were very happy that day.How about the Teachers Day celebration in your school? Do tell me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye. Your friend, Mei Ling

Dari soalan tukargantinama Your kpd My.

Point 1 (assembly) Point 2 (speech) Point 3 (Aim) Point 4 (head prefects) speech

Point 5 ( Activities)

---- (remember to give a suitable ending )

Exercise 3: Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

123, Jalan Raja, 02600 Arau Perlis 22 June 2012Dear Indra,How are you? I hope you are fine. My family and I are doing just fine. My school ____________ Teachers Day last week. Activities on that day started at 7.30 a.m. First, we had an ___________ in the school hall. The principal and all the teachers were seated on a colourful and nicely-decorated stage.The school principal __________ a speech. He reminded students to study hard and develop good qualities. This is our way of showing our ____________ to our teachers for their hard work. At the end of the speech, we clapped loudly to show our appreciation to our teachers.Then the Head Prefect delivered a speech. He thanked the teachers for their __________ and compassion all this while. He also recited a poem entitled KASIH GURU. This was followed by our class parties. At the parties, we ate the food that we had brought from home such as fried noodles, cakes and sandwiches. We also sang, danced and played indoor games. I enjoyed playing Musical Chairs.After 12 noon, some outdoor games were played. That was the most exciting event of the day. Teachers and students played __________ interesting games like sack race, football, throwing balloons and other relay games. The students won most of the games. The final event was a concert. Popular songs were rendered by some students and traditional dances were performed by the Cultural Club. By then, we were all tired but happy because we had had a whale of a time that day.How about the Teachers Day celebration in your school? Do tell me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye. Your friend, Azmilia

Exercise 4You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question.Your school held the annual Prize Giving Day last week. Write a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion.

Use these notes in your letter: Students and guests gather at the hall hall, well-decorated Speech by principal congratulated students advised students to study hard Aim of celebration to reward students for their hard work - to motivate students to work harder - you won a prize second position in the class. Performance by students cultural dances by students of various races ( Malay dance, a Chinese dance, an Indian dance) - choir presentation Prize giving ceremony by guest-of-honour The District Education Officer Prizes for a) good academic results b) active participation in co-curriculum c) service to the school d) full attendance to school Closing - a refreshment at the canteen

When writing your letter : you may use all the notes elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting add any other relevant information make sure it is not less than 120 words

(25 marks)


General guidelines

1. Reports can be divided into a few types ( school magazines, newsletters and newspapers)2. Reports are usually brief and written in simple language.3. Read the question given carefully. Understand the short notes given.4. When you have understood the notes given, expand these notes.5. You may use your own ideas to make the report more interesting.6. Know who you are writing for. This allows you to write with your readers in mind.7. Arrange your points in paragraphs. Each main idea should have some supporting ideas.8. Give your report a suitable title and write your name at the bottom on the left.9. Check your spelling, punctuation and grammar.

Report On An Event-Wordlist for Exercises 1, 2 and 3.

Word ListMeaning in BM











jubilantlydengan penuh gembira.


most awaitedyang dinanti-nanti








proudlydengan bangga







warm upmemanaskan



Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete a report on an event.


On 15 June 2012, SMK Merpati [1]________________ a Sport Day. It was a grand [2]______________ of the school. There were flags and buntings everywhere in the school. Teachers and students prepared for the sports day several days before. On this day the State Education Director came to [3]___________________ the Sport Day. In his speech, he reminded every student to practise good sporting spirit. When he freed a pair of pigeons into the air, the [4]_______________ cheered happily.Next, everyone [5]_____________ at the field. There was a march past by the uniforms units and sports houses. They marched proudly past the VIP and the audience. The sport houses teams were in tracks suits and caps. They brought their mascots along and waved at the audience. Everyone cheered and clapped their hands.After the march past, the [6]_______________ of various events started to [7]__________________ their bodies. The field events such as high jump and long jump started first. This was followed by 100m, 200m and relay events. These were the most awaited events of the day. When the referee shot to the air, the participants speed on their tracks. The spectators shouted to [8]________________ their sport houses. The green houses won in most of the events. Finally, it was time for the prize giving ceremony. The winners [9]______________ medals and trophies. The principal gave away the presents. Selvaraja was [10]_________________ as the male athlete while Fatimah Alias was the female athlete. The last trophy was given to the Champion, the green house. The team members cheered [11]__________________. Before we [12]__________________, the Senior Assistant of Co-curriculum reminded everybody to clean up the school field. Overall, we enjoyed this sport day very much.

Reported by:RahmanRahman b. Abdul(Secretary of Sports and Recreation Club)

Exercise 2Using the pictures and notes below, write a report for your school magazine about your experience during the cross country event at your school.

Gathered briefing rules safety

waved flag started to run

followed tracks 4 check-points tickets

reached finishing line winners

received trophies happy red house champion

before leaving clean up field

Exercise 3

Note Expansion : Construct meaningful sentences for the words below

Introductionlast week school organized cross country.teacher students prepared several days. flags buntings schools grand occasion.

Paragraph 18.00 am students gathered school field.first senior teacher gave briefing rules reminded safetybefore run students warm upPresident of Parents and Teacher Society - officiate cross country.he waved flag students cheered started to run

Paragraph 2students ran steadily followed the trackafter 2km found check-pointsstudents collect tickets to ensure correct routeone hour some students reached finishing linefirst 10 students winnersmost from red house

Paragraph 3finally 11.30 am prize giving ceremony winners received trophiesred house announced championmembers of house clapped cheered happily

Endingbefore dispersed principal reminded clean up school fieldall students together collected rubbish cleared everythingstudents enjoyed the day


PurposeThe purpose of a recount is to retell or recount events or past experiences. (The prefix re means again. So to recount is to tell again).

Types of RecountPersonal recounts a recount of an experience in which the writer is personally or directly involvedFactual recounts a recount of an event or incident such as a newspaper report.Imaginative recounts retelling a fictitious or imaginary event.

Structure There is always a setting of a scene in the opening or introduction eg. I went to the beach last week. The events in a recount are often in a chronological order (or the order in which the events happen). I went to the beach last week. I saw many people there. Many of them were playing in the water. The recount will always have a closing statement. When it was dark, people started packing their things. I picked up my things and left.

Language Features Recounts are written in the past tense. Recounts can be written in the first or third persons point of view. 1st person point of view The event or experience is happening to the person writing the recount. eg. I went to the beach last week. 3rd person point of view An observer or a third party is telling or writing the recount. eg. Johan went to the beach last week. He saw many people there. Sequence connectors are often used in recounts to narrate events in a chronological order. eg. Next, then, after that, following this, etc.

FLOOD: Word ListWordMeaning in BM


alertamaran kecemasan


belongingsharta benda



criticalkritikal /teruk




distribute/distributes/distributing/ distributedmengagihkan



evacuate/evacuates/evacuating/ evacuatedmemindahkan


flash floodbanjir kilat

food shortagekekurangan makanan

grab/grabs/grabbing/grabbedmemegang / merangkul

heavy rain / downpourhujan lebat

inadequatetidak mencukupi/ kekurangan


low areakawasan rendah

meteorological departmentjabatan kaji cuaca


overjoyedsangat gembira

packkemas /bungkus

plightpahit getir / kesusahan

relief campskem bantuan

relief centretempat/ pusat bantuan







severesangat teruk

sheltertempat berlindung

shut downmenutup/ memberhentikan

struggle/struggles/struggling/ struggledmeronta-ronta


swift / rapidcepat/laju

swiftly / rapidlydengan cepat/laju

thunderstorm rebut petir

traumapengalaman buruk/dahsyat


weather forecastramalan kaji cuaca

Activity 1:

Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete the following sentences.

1. There was _________________ for many days.

2. The river _____________________ its banks.3. There was ____________________.4. We packed our _______________________.5. We climbed to the ____________________ of our house.6. Sitis mother ___________________ for help.7. I ________________ into the water.8. I swam to her and ____________________ her.9. The water was flowing ___________________.10. The water ___________________ us along.11. I _____________________ a branch and pulled myself up.12. I saw a _________________ boat.13. The men took us to a ________________________________ .14. The villagers were _________________________ to see us.

Activity 2:

Heavy rain had caused a flood in your village. Based on the pictures and notes given below, fill in the blanks to complete a recount of what happened.

C1 C2heavy rain river overflowed C3banks village flooded C4 C5my family packed

important belongings C6climbed roof house C7saw neighbours C8 C9five-year-old girl fell into C10water mother screamed I C11 C12dived grabbed her

C13swiftly flowing water C14 C15dragged along spotted tree C16 C17grabbed branch sat long time C18 C19saw boat shouted loudly C20rescued C21 C22school everyone overjoyed C23 parents thanked me

Taken from Fajar Bakti

Sample Essay:

Last week, there was ____________________ for many days. Soon the river _________________ its banks and the village was flooded. As the water rose, my family and I quickly packed all our important _________________. Then, we climbed to the ____________________ of our wooden house. We saw many of our neighbours also sitting on the roofs of their houses.Suddenly, Siti, a five-year-old girl, fell into the water. Her mother _______________ for help. I immediately ______________ into the water. I swam to Siti and ________________ her. The swiftly flowing water _________________ us along. Then, I spotted a tree. I quickly grabbed a branch and pulled myself and Siti up. We sat on the branch for a long time.In the evening, I saw a boat. I shouted loudly and luckily the men in the boat saw us. Finally we were _________________. The men took us to the school where the rest of the villagers were. Everyone was __________________ to see us. Sitis parents thanked me for saving their daughter.


C2, C3

C4, C5



C8, C9

C10, C11

C12, C13






C22, C23

Sample Question 1

Your class went on a four-day trip to Taman Negara, Pahang during the last school holidays. With the help of the notes you made in your diary, write an account of the trip.

24th May gathered at school compound left at 8.00 a.m checked into hotel. 25th May hiked up Gunung Tahan lush green jungle beautiful scenery 26th May canopy walk 400 metres long exciting to walk 25 metres above the ground 27th May packed things got ready to go home exhausted but happy

When writing your recount: use all the notes given elaborate on the notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words

Sample Answer 1During the first semester holidays, my class organized a trip to Taman Negara in Pahang. Our class teacher, En. Nizam, accompanied us on the trip.On 24 May, all the students gathered in the school with our bags. The bus arrived promptly. It was a 42-seater air-conditioned bus. Although the journey was five hours, we did not feel tired. As soon as we arrived at our destination, we checked into a budget hotel.After a good nights sleep, we were ready for the most exciting event the climb up Gunung Tahan, the highest peak. Although the hill slopes were steep and jagged and the hike up was a real challenge, we were excited. We enjoyed the cool, crisp mountain air. The view of the lush green scenery and the variety of exotic flora and fauna was a real treat. In fact, the scenery was so beautiful that we stopped to take some photographs.The next day, we braced ourselves for another challenging activity the canopy walk. Although some of us were at first reluctant to walk at a height of 25 metres above the ground, we gave in after much persuasion from our class teacher. It was a real thrilling experience to view the green jungle canopy. The rustling of the leaves and the sounds made by the animals sounded like a strange musical piece.The next day, we packed our things and left for home. We slept during the entire journey as we were exhausted. Nevertheless, it was a very exciting trip.


Accompanied- followedLush- growing wellExotic- attractiveBraced- prepared for a difficult activityCanopy- coveringRustling- sound made by leaves when the wind blowsExhausted- very tired

Exercise 1

The Nature Club of your school organized